Bibliography

The Maryland Biodiversity project thanks the many dedicated individuals who have painstakingly compiled Maryland natural history information. The following list of references will be continuously updated to reflect the great work that has been reviewed in creating the project.

Algae

AlgaeBASE: http://www.algaebase.org/.

Biechele, Lance. Freshwater Algae of the Lower Eastern Shore. August 2011. Except for the Charophycaea, which were verified by Russell L. Chapman (Louisiana State University), the algae (prior to 2010) were determined by David B.Czarnecki (Loras College, Iowa) and voucher specimens are maintained on cards or microscope slides at the Charles O. Wingo, Jr. Herbarium (SUHC).

Brook, A. J. & D. B. Williamson. 2010. A Monograph on some British Desmids. Ray Society, c/o The Natural History Museum, London.

Coesel, P. F. M. & Koos (J.) Meessters. 2007. Desmids of the Lowlands Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidiaceae of the European Lowlands. KNNV Publishing, Amsterdam.

Digital Image Collection of Desmids. Accessed 9/30/2010. (http://www.digicodes.info/)

Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2012. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. (http://www.algaebase.org); searched on 29 December 2012.

John, D. M. & D. B. Williamson. 2009. A Practical Guide to the Desmids of the West of Ireland. Martin Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Patterson, D. J. 2003. Free-Living Freshwater Protozoa: A Colour Guide. ASM Press, Washington, DC, pp. 1-223.

Ralfs. J. The British Desmidieae. 1962. Reprint. J. Cramer, Weinheim, Germany

Wolle. Francis. 1892. Desmids of the United States and List of American Pediastrums. Moravian Publication Office, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Amphipods - Freshwater

Holsinger, John R. and L. Ansell. A new species of the subterranean amphipod genus Stygobromus (Amphipoda: Crangonyctidae) from two caves and a spring in western Maryland, USA with additional records of undescribed species from groundwater habitats in central Maryland. Zootaxa 3768 (3): 386–394. 2014.

Holsinger, John R. Systematics of the Subterranean Amphipod Genus Stygobromus (Crangonyctidae), Part II: Species of the Eastern United States. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, Number 266.

Holsinger, John R. The Freshwater Amphipod Subspeciesceans (Grammaridae) of North America. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. September, 1976. (http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/5265/2/SCtZ-0266-Lo_res.pdf)

Morales-Núñez, A. G., and P. Chigbu. 2016. A new species of Apolochus (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Amphilochidae) in Maryland coastal bays, USA with notes on its abundance and distribution. ZooKeys 571: 81-104. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.571.7440.

Animals (General)

Appendix List of the Invertebrates of Plummers Island, Maryland. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, 15(1):192-226. 2008.

Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals of Maryland (April 2010). Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service Natural Heritage Program (http://www.dnr.state.md.us/wildlife/Plants_Wildlife/rte/pdfs/rte_Animal_List.pdf)

Ants

AntWeb. Available from http://www.antweb.org.

Foard, Tim. Checklist of Maryland species compiled by Tim Foard.

Schlick-Steiner, B., et al. A multidisciplinary approach reveals cryptic diversity in Western Palearctic Tetramorium ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40:259–273. 2006.

Bees

Droege, Sam. Checklist and record compilation.

Scarpulla, Gene. A Yearlong Survey of the Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of a Human-made Habitat Created from Dredged Material: Hart-Miller Island, Chesapeake Bay, Baltimore County, Maryland. Maryland Entomologist Vol. 6, No. 1. 2013.

Beetles

Bousquet, Yves. Catalogue of Geadephaga (Coleoptera, Adephaga) of America, north of Mexico. ZooKeys 245:1-1722, 2012. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/3416/abstract/catalogue-of-geadephaga-coleoptera-adephaga-of-america-north-of-mexico.

Brigham, Warren U. Illinois Natural History Survey. Key to adult Peltodytes of the U.S. and Canada (Coleopter: Haliplidae). (http://www.matthewpintar.net/uploads/2/9/8/5/29857083/peltodytes_key.pdf)

Chandler, Donald S. Revision of the Genus Malporus Casey (Coleoptera: Anthicidae: Anthicinae). Coleopterists Bulletin 51(3):265-275. September, 1997. (http://scholars.unh.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1259&context=nhaes)

Clark, Shawn M., Andrea Rattu, and Davide Cillo. Monoxia obesula Blake, 1939, a species native to the U.S.A. and adventive to Sardinia, Italy (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Galerucini). Zootaxa 3774 (1): 083–089. 2014. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2014/f/z03774p089f.pdf.

Cunningham, Bly. Damage to Violin Bow Hair By Dermestid Beetle Larvae. The Maryland Naturalist: Vol 32, No. 3-4. September/December 1988.

Dunford, James C., Michael C. Thomas, and Paul M. Choate, Jr. University of Florida Entomology and Nematology Department. The Darkling Beetles of Florida and Eastern United States (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Draft, 2005. http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/teneb/index.htm

Erwin, T. L. 1981. Natural History of Plummers Island, Maryland, XXVI. The ground beetles of a temperate forest site (Coleoptera: Carabidae): An analysis of fauna in relation to size, habitat selection, vagility, seasonality, and extinction. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 5.

Gómez-Zurita, Jesús. 2005. New distribution records and biogeography of Calligrapha species, (Leaf Beetles), in North America (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Chrysomelinae). Canadian Field-Naturalist 119(1): 88-100.

Glaser, John. Addenda to the Checklist of Maryland Scarabaeoidea. Maryland Entomologist Vol. 3, No. 1. 1987.

Gustafson, G. T., & Miller, K. B. 2015. The New World whirligig beetles of the genus Dineutus Macleay, 1825 (Coleoptera, Gyrinidae, Gyrininae, Dineutini). ZooKeys, (476), 1–135. Advance online publication. http://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.476.8630

Hagadorn, M. A. and D.L. Price. 2012. Quick Guide for the Identification of Maryland Scarabaeoidea. Salisbury University. Pp. 54: http://faculty.salisbury.edu/~dlprice/SU%20Lab%20Page/About%20Scarabs/Quick%20Guide%20to%20the%20Identification%20of%20Maryland%20Scarabaeoidea.pdf

Hardy, Alan. A Revision of the Hoplia of the Neararctic Realm (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Occasional Papers in Entomology: No.23, 1977.

Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES), Crop Science Extension and Outreach. Alfalfa Weevil. (http://extension.cropsciences.illinois.edu/fieldcrops/insects/alfalfa_weevil/)

Johnson, P. A new species of Drapetes Megerle (Coleoptera: Elateridae), with taxonomic summaries and a key to the species of northern North America. Insecta Mundi Center for Systematic Entomology, Gainesville, Florida. 2015.

Kingsolver, J.M. Handbook of the Bruchidae of the United States and Canada. USDA, Technical Bulletin 1912 (2 vols.), 2004. (http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/np/Bruchidae/BruchidaeIntro.htm)

Knull, J. Two New Species of Ctenicera (Coleoptera: Elateridae). Ohio Journal of Science: Vol 59, Issue 2, March, 1959.

Mathieu, Jean. Revision of the Genus Melanactes, with a Proposed New Genus (Coleoptera, Elateridae). American Midland Naturalist: Vol. 65. 1961.

Miller, K.B., G.W. Wolfe & O. Biström. 2006. Phylogeny of the Hydroporinae and classification of the genus Peschetius Guignot, 1942 (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution, 37: 257-279.

Miller, K.B., Bergsten, J. and Whiting, M.F., 2009. Phylogeny and classification of the tribe Hydaticini (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae): partition choice for Bayesian analysis with multiple nuclear and mitochondrial protein‐coding genes. Zoologica scripta, 38(6), pp.591-615.

Oygur, S. and Wolfe, G.W. 1991. Classification, distribution, and phylogeny of North American (north of Mexico) species of Gyrinus Mûller (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae).

Paiero, Steven M., Morgan D. Jackson, Adam Jewiss-Gaines, Troy Kimoto, Bruce D. Gill, Stephen A. Marshall. Field Guide to the Jewel Beetles (Coleoptera: Bupestridae) of Northeastern North America. Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2012. ISBN: 978-1-100-19794-4. http://www.biodiversityinfocus.com/pdfs/Jewel_Beetle_Field_Guide_English.pdf.

Quate, L. & S. Thompson. Revision of Click Beetles of Geunus Melanotus in American North of Mexico (Coleoptera: Elateridae). Proceedings of the National Museum. Smithsonian Institution, 1967, Vol. 121, Number 3563.

Rabaglia, Robert. Annotated list of the bark and ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) of Maryland, with new distributional records. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 105, (2003).

Slifer, Eleanor H., Thomas F. J. Gruenwald, and Sant S. Sekhon. The maxillary palp organs of a wood-boring beetle, Melittomma sericeum (Coleoptera, Lymexylonidae). Journal of Morphology 147:2. October 1975.

Spangler, P. J.; Staines, C.L.; Spangler, P.M.; and Staines, S.L. A Checklist of the Limnichidae and the Lutrochidae (Coleoptera) of the World. Insecta Mundi: Vol.15, No3, September, 2001.

Staines, C. L. Additional Records on Maryland Silphidae (Coleoptera). Maryland Entomologist 3(3):69-70 (1989).

Staines, C. L. An Annotated Checklist of the Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera) of Maryland. The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 4. 1984.

Staines, C.L. The Belostomatidae (Hemiptera) of Maryland. The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 3, December 1983.

Staines, C. L. Carpophilus melanopterus Erichson (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) a Yucca specialist. The Maryland Naturalist 49(1-4):54-55, January/December 1996.

Staines, C. L. A Checklist of the Heteroceridae (Coleoptera) of Maryland. The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 3, December 1983.

Staines, C. L. The Cupedidae of Maryland (Coleoptera). The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 1982.

Staines, C. L. Distribution of Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Maryland. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 86(3), p. 702, 1984.

Staines, C. L. Distributional Records of Platypodidae (Coleoptera) in Maryland. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 84(4), pp. 858-859, 1982.

Staines, C. L. The Dryopidae (Coleoptera) of Maryland. The Maryland Entomologist, 3(2):30-32 (1988).

Staines, C. L. Dytiscidae or predaceous diving beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) of Plummers Island, Maryland. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 15. 2008.

Staines, C. L. First Record in Maryland of Anomala orientalis (Waterhouse): (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 88(2), p.390, 1986.

Staines, C. L. The Meloidae (Coleroptera) of Maryland. The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 3, December 1983.

Staines, C. L. 1994. A "Monstrous" Lucanus elaphus (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) from Maryland. Maryland Naturalist 38(3-4):17-18.

Staines, C. L. The Noteridae (Coleoptera) of Maryland. The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1988.

Staines, C. L. Notes on Little Known Maryland Beetles: I. Nosodendron unicolor. The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1982.

Staines, C. L. Observations on Gnorimella maculosa (Coleopters: Scarabaedae:Cetoniidae). Maryland Entomologist 3(3):67-68 (1989).

Staines, C. L. Observations on Two Beetles (Coleoptera) Feeding on Rumex (Polygonaceae) in Maryland with a Review of the Literature. The Maryland Entomologist, 3(3):78-79 (1989).

Staines, C. L. 1986. A Preliminary Checklist of the Hydradephaga (Coleoptera) of Maryland. Insecta Mundi 1(3): 118–155.

Staines, C. L. A Preliminary Checklist of the Hydrophiloidea (Coleoptera) of Maryland. Insecta Mundi. Vol.1, No.4, December 1986. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1524&context=insectamundi

Staines, C. L. The Rhipiceridae of Maryland (Coleoptera). The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 2, December 1982.

Staines, C. L. The Rhipiphoridae (Coleoptera) of Maryland. Vol. 2, No. 3, December 1983.

Staines, C. L. The Semiaquatic Beetles of Maryland: I. The Genus Omophron (Coleoptera: Carabidae). The Maryland Entomologist, Vol. 2, No. 3, December 1983.

Staines, C. L. Scientific Note: Dyscinetus morator (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Feeding on Roots of Azaleas (Rhododendron Spp.). Entomological News 101(2):98, March/April 1990.

Staines, C. L. Scientific Note: Peltodytes edentulus (LeConte) from Maryland (Coleoptera: Haliplidae). The Coleopterists Bulletin 38(4), 1984.

Staines, C. L. The Silphidae (Coleoptera) of Maryland. Maryland Entomological Society Euphydryas Phaeton Vol. 3, No. 1, 1987.

Staines, C. L. The Silphidae (Coleoptera) of Maryland. Maryland Entomologist Vol. 3, No. 1, 1987.

Staines, C. L. Survey for Calosoma Caterpillar Hunters (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Maryland 1992-1993. The Maryland Naturalist 38(1-2):31-36, January/June 1994.

Staines, C. L. A survey for Lucanus elaphus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) in Southern Maryland. The Maryland Naturalist 43(3-4):26-30. July/December 1999.

Staines, C. L. A Survey of the Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) Associated with Nursery Stock in Maryland. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 92(2), 1990, pp. 310-313.

Steiner, W. E., Jr. A Checklist of the Darkling Beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) of Maryland with Notes on the Species Recorded from Plummers Island Through the 20th Century. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 15, 2008. http://entomology.si.edu/StaffPages/Steiner/2008_PlummersIsl.pdf.

Steiner, W. E. Records of Prateus fusculus LeConte (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in Maryland and West Virginia, with Observations on Habitats and Known Distribution. The Maryland Entomologist: Vol.6, No.1. 2013.

Steury, Brent W., and Peter W. Messer. Noteworthy Beetle Records from Virginia and Maryland (Coleoptera: Anthicidae, Buprestidae, Carabidae). Virginia Natural History Society. Banisteria. No. 45, 61-62. 2015.

Steury, Brent W., Pete W. Messer, and Joseph F. Cavey. Noteworthy Beetle Records from Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia (Coleoptera: Carabidae and Chrysomelidae). Virginia Natural History Society. Banisteria. No. 44, 23-25. 2014.

Stibnick, J. North American Negastriinae (Coleoptera, Elateridae): The Negastriinae of the Eastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Insecta Mundi Center for Systematic Entomology, Gainesville, Florida.

Stork, N. E. 1984. Additions to the list of Carabidae (Coleoptera) in the fauna of Plummers Island, Maryland.—Coleopterists Bulletin 28 Carabidae of the World: http://www.carabidae.org

U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Baltimore CBP Intercepts First in Nation Destructive Beet Flea Beetle in Shipment of Italian Ceramic Tiles. November 2015.

Vorst, Oscar. A new invasive Ptinella Motschulsky from Europe and North America (Coleoptera: Ptiliidae). Zootaxa 3270: 63-66. 2012. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2012/f/zt03270p066.pdf

Birds

Official List of the Birds of Maryland (29 May 2012). Maryland / District of Columbia Records Committee (MD/DCRC) of the Maryland Ornithological Society. (http://www.mdbirds.org/mddcrc/pdf/mdlist.pdf)

Birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Stewart and Robbins (1958). (http://ia700200.us.archive.org/20/items/northamericanfau62unit/northamericanfau62unit.pdf)

Breeding Bird Atlas Explorer (online resource). 2013. U.S. Geological Survey Patuxent Wildlife Research Center & National Biological Information Infrastructure.

Czaplak, Wilds. Yellow-legged Gulls (Larus cachinnans) in North America. Wilson Bulletin: Vol. 106, Issue 2. 1994.

Iliff, Ringler, Stasz. Field List of the Birds of Maryland. Maryland Ornithological Society, 1996.("The Yellow Book")

Kaufman, Kenn (1996). Lives of North American Birds. ISBN 0-395-77017-3.

Robbins, Chandler S., senior editor; E. A. T. Blom, project coordinator; et al. 1996. Atlas of the breeding birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, PA. ISBN 978-0-8229-3923-8.

Sibley, D. A. 2000. The Sibley Guide to Birds. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Solem, Bob and Jo. Howard County Bird Club bird site records. June 2013.

Stewart, R. E. and Chandler S. Robbins. 1958. Birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia. North American Fauna No. 62. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service.

United States Geological Survey (USGS) (2013). Eskimo Curlew - A vanishing species? The Eskimo Curlew's Year Introduction to Oceanic Migration. http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/curlew/oceanint.htm (last updated 01-Feb-2013, last accessed 14-Apr-2013)

Unpublished data from Marshall Iliff, Matt Hafner, Bob Ringler, and many others.

Bryophytes (Mosses, Hornworts, Liverworts)

Biechele, Lance T. 2014. Riccia sorocarpa Bisch. A new liverwort record from Maryland. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 141(3): 273-274.

Darigo, C. A County Checklist of the Mosses of Maryland. Evansia, 26(4):193-218. 2009.

McAvoy, W., Knapp, W., and L. Biechele. 2011. An annotated checklist of the liverworts and hornworts of the Delmarva Peninsula. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 138(2).

Scarpulla, Eugene. Unusual Abundance of the Aquatic Liverwort Ricciocarpus natans (L.) Corda at Prettyboy Reservoir, Baltimore County, Maryland. The Maryland Naturalist: Vol. 32, No. 3-4. September/December, 1988.

Uebel, E. Maryland Bryophytes Collected by Elmer G. Worthley. Maryland Native Plant Society, Inc. 2000.

Butterflies

Butterflies and Moths of North America: http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/.

Butterflies of Massachusetts: http://www.butterfliesofmassachusetts.net/broad-winged.htm.

Butterfly Host Plants of Southeast Florida. Miami Blue Chapter of the North American Butterfly Association: http://www.atlantisfl.gov/pages/atlantisfl_webdocs/Landscaping%20and%20Home%20Improvement/Butterfly%20and%20Hummingbird%20Information%202012/Butterfly%20Host%20Plants%20for%20SE%20Florida.pdf.

Cech, R. and G. Tudor. Butterflies of the East Coast: An Observers Guide.Princeton University Press, 2005.

Coastal Wildscapes: http://www.coastalwildscapes.org/.

Dallas County Lepidopterists' Society: http://www.dallasbutterflies.com/.

Glassberg, Jeffrey. Butterflies through Binoculars. Oxford University Press, 1993.

Kaufman, Kenn, Brock, Jim P. Butterflies of North America. Houghton Mifflin: New York, 2003.

Larval Hostplant List for Butterflies of the Washington DC area: http://home.earthlink.net/~drkilmer/Plantlist.html.

Maryland Department of Natural Resources: Maryland’s Wildlife Species – Butterflies of Maryland. (http://www.dnr.state.md.us/wildlife/Plants_Wildlife/mdbutterflies.asp)

Maritimes Butterfly Atlas: http://accdc.com/butterflyatlas/home_e.html.

Pavulaan, Harry. A New Subspecies of Incisalia henrici (Grote and Robinson) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The Maryland Entomologist, 4:2(1-16). 1998. (https://leplog.files.wordpress.com/2016/04/pavulaan-1998-description-of-i-viridissima_maryland-entomologist.pdf)

Smith, R.H. (2012), "Butterfly Occurrence Chart for Maryland, Baltimore City, and District of Columbia"
(http://leplog.wordpress.com/local-and-regional-lists-and-info/butterfly-records-for-maryland-delaware-and-the-district-of-columbia/maryland/)

Solem, Bob and Jo. Howard County Bird Club Lepidoptera site records. June 2013.

Wagner, David L. Caterpillars of Eastern North America. Princeton University Press, 2005.

Centipedes

Chilobase: A web resource for Chilopoda taxonomy. (http://chilobase.bio.unipd.it/)

Shelley, R. M. 2002. A synopsis of the North American centipedes of the order Scolopendromorpha (Chilopoda). Virginia Museum of Natural History Memoir 5:1-108.

Crayfish

State of Maryland – Crayfish Species Checklist. (http://iz.carnegiemnh.org/crayfish/country_pages/state_pages/maryland.htm)

Swecker, Casey D., Thomas D. Jones, Jay V. Kilian, and Luke F. Roberson, Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Key to the Crayfish of Maryland. Draft Version - 2010.08, August 2010. http://www.dnr.state.md.us/streams/pdfs/keytothecrayfishesofmd_8_18_10.pdf.

Decopods - Crabs, Shrimp, etc.

Counts, Clement L., Prezant, Robert S., Chapman, Eric J., "A Critical Checklist Of The Decapod Subspeciescea (Arthropda: Decopoda) Of The Atlantic Coastal Bays Of Maryland." The Maryland Naturalist 51 (2):85-112.

Nizinski, Martha. Annotated checklist of decapod Subspeciesceans of Atlantic coastal and continental shelf waters of the United States. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington Vol. 116(1), 2003.

Diplurans

Allen, Robert T. 2002. A Synopsis of the Diplura of North America: Keys to Higher Taxa, Systematics, Distributions and Descriptions of New Taxa (Arthopoda: Insecta). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Vol. 128, No.4, pp. 403-466.

Fish

Aguilar, Robert. Selected checklists from Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) surveys.

Altemus, V. Delaware’s Freshwater and Brackish Water Fishes. Dover: Delaware State College, 1991.

Ashton, Matthew and Patrick Ciccotto. First Records of Oriental Weatherfish (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) in Maryland. Northeastern Naturalist: Volume 17, Issue 4 (2010).

Kazyak, P. F., Raesly, R.L. A Key To The Freshwater Fishes Of Maryland. (http://www.dnr.state.md.us/irc/docs/00010619.pdf)

Kells, V., and Kent Carpenter. A Field Guide to Coastal Fishes From Maine to Texas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.

Love, Joseph W., Paulinus Chigbu, and Eric B. May. Environmental Variability Affects Distributions of Coastal Fish Species (Maryland). Northeastern Naturalist, 16(2):255-268. 2009. (http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1656/045.016.0207).

Love, Joseph W. and Eric B. May. Relationships Between Fish Assemblage Structure and Selected Environmental Factors in Maryland’s Coastal Bays. Northeastern Naturalist, 14(2):251-268. 2007.

Murdy, E., Ray Birdsong, and John Musick. Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997.

Murphy, Robert F., and David H. Secor. Fish and Blue Crab Assemblage Structure in a U.S. Mid Atlantic Coastal Lagoon Complex. Estuaries and Coasts 29:6B, p. 1121-1131. December 2006.

Page, L. and Brooks Burr. Freshwater Fishes. Houghton Mifflin: New York, 1991.

Rohde, F., Rudolf Arndt, David Lindquist, and James Parnell. Freswater Fishes of the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Werner, R. A Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of the Northeastern United States. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2004.

Fleas

Eckerlin, Ralph P. The Fleas (Siphonaptera) of Maryland. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 2011.

Flies (Diptera)

Borkent, C. J. & T. A. Wheeler. 2012. Systematics of Phylogeny of Leptomorphus curtis (Diptera: Mycetophilidae). Zootaxa: 3549. 117 pages.

Carnegie Museum of Natural History, The Crane Flies (Diptera:Tipulidae) of Pennsylvania, http://iz.carnegiemnh.org/cranefly/.

Maa, T. C. A Revised Checklist and Concise Host Index of Hippoboscidae (Diptera). Pacific Insects Monograph 20: February 1969.

O'Hara, J. E. and Wood, D. M. 2004. Catalogue of the Tachinidae (Diptera) of America north of Mexico. Memoirs on Entomology, International 18: iv + 410 pp.

Raney, H. Eastern Bombyliidae: (http://www.hr-rna.com/RNA/Other%20insect%20pages/Eastern%20Bombylids.htm)

Sinclair, B., Brooks, S., & Cumming, J. (2013). Revision of the Empis subgenus Enoplempis Bigot, east of the Rocky Mountains (Diptera: Empididae). Zootaxa, 3736(5), 401–456.

Spencer, Kenneth A., and George C. Steyskal, USDA Agricultural Research Service. Manual of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) of the United States - Agriculture Handbook Number 638. 1986. (http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/catalog/CAT86871406)

Thompson, Patrick. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Vol.93, No.4 (Dec. 1967).

Williams, Gaye L., and Gary J. Steck. Ophiomyia kwansonis Sasakawa (Diptera: Agromyzidae), the Daylily Leafminer, an Asian Species Recently Identified in the Continental United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 116.4 (2014): 421-428.

Freshwater Bivalves

McCann, J., Brinker, D. The Freshwater Bivalves of Maryland Field Identification Information. Maryland Department of Natural Resources: Natural Heritage Program. (http://www.dnr.state.md.us/streams/pdfs/McCannBrinkerBivalves.pdf)

Freshwater Sponges

Watts, Tonya M., M. E. Norris, & J. M. Pieper, Jr. National Capital Region Network- Inventory and Monitoring Program : A New Record of Ephydatia Muelleri in Prince William Forest Park (PRWI). September 2010. (http://www.nps.gov/prwi/learn/nature/upload/Freshwater_Sponge_study.pdf)

Fungi

Kuo, Michael. MushroomExpert.com. (http://www.mushroomexpert.com)

Kew Royal Botanical Gardens. Fungarium. 2015. (http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/collections/fungarium)

MycoBank: Fungal Databases, Nomenclature, and Species Banks. http://www.mycobank.org/

Gastropods

College of Charleston, Department of Biology. Freshwater Gastropods of North America (FWGNA). Charleston, SC. (http://www.fwgna.org/index.html)

Dillon, Robert T. Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Snail Data. Rob Aguilar extracted the Maryland records and determined county and Baltimore City locations. 16 Feb 2015.

Hubricht, L. The Distributions of the Native Land Mollusks of the Eastern United States. Fieldiana 1359 (1985).

Orstan, Aydin. Land Snails of Black Hill Regional Park, Montgomery County, Maryland. The Maryland Naturalist: 43(3-4):20-24.

Steury, Brent W., and Timothy A. Pearce. Land Snails and Slugs (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda and Pulmonata) of Two National Parks along the Potomac River near Washington, District of Columbia. Virginia Natural History Society. Banisteria. No. 43, 3-20. 2014.

Steury, Brent W. Aquatic Snails (Gastropoda) from National Park Sites in Northern Virginia and Adjacent Maryland, with an Updated Checklist of Regional Species. Virginia Natural History Society. Banisteria. No. 44, 13-18. 2014.

Wells, Harry. Maryland records of the gastropod, Littorina littorea, with a discussion of factors controlling its southern distribution. Chesapeake Science. March 1965, Vol. 6, No. 1.

Harvestmen

Shultz, J.W. The Harvestmen of Maryland. (http://www.life.umd.edu/entm/shultzlab/opiliomd/)

Insects (General)

Bug Guide. (http://bugguide.net/node/view/15740)

CalBug Online Database. University of California, Berkeley. Accessed 28 November 2015. (http://essigdb.berkeley.edu/)

Childs, Ken. Insect photo gallery. (https://picasaweb.google.com/107941137732251962394)

Eiseman, Charley and Noah Charney, with Jon Charlson. Tracks & Signs of Insects and Other Invertebrates: A Guide to North American Species. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA. 2010.

Kathirithamby, Jeyaraney & Taylor, Steven. A New Species of Halictophagus (Insecta: Strepsiptera: Halictopgidae) from Texas, and a Checklist of Strepsiptera from the United States and Canada. Zootaxa 1056: 1-18 (2005).

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology collection records.

Young, James. Export of specimen records. Spreadsheet provided via e-mail October 2014.

Invasive Species (General)

Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Invasive and Exotic Species of North America. (http://www.invasive.org/).

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Species Survival Commission (SSC). Invasive Species Specialist Group. Global Invasive Species Database (http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/).

Isopods

Lewis, Julian J., T.E. Bowman & D.J. Feller. A synopsis of the subterranean asellids of Maryland, U.S.A., with description of Caecidotea alleghenyensis, new species (Subspeciescea: Isopoda: Asellota). Zootaxa 2769: 54-64. 2011.

Jellyfish

Purcell, Jennifer. Jellyfish in Chesapeake Bay and Nearby Waters. NOAA Ocean Service Education: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/lessons/stinging_sea_append.html

Lady Beetles

The Lost Ladybug Project. (http://www.lostladybug.org/summary-page-555.php)

Leeches

Donald Klem. Biota of Freshwater Ecosystems, Identification Manual No. 8, Freshwater Leeches (Annelida: Hirudinea) Of North America. 1972. (http://www.epa.gov/bioiweb1/pdf/EPA-905-R-72-117FreshwaterLeeches_Klemm.pdf)

Lichens

Biechele, Lance. The Lichen Flora of the Lower Eastern Shore of the Delmarva Peninsula. Evansia 19, 1. 2002.

Harris, Richard C., Brodo, Irwin M. and Tom Tansberg. 2000. Lecanora thysanophora, a Common Leprose Lichen in Eastern North America. The Bryologist 103(4), pp 790-793.

Lendemer, J. C. & W. M. Knapp. Contributions to the Lichen Flora of Maryland: Recent Collections from the Delmarva Peninsula. Opuscula Philolichenum 4. 2007.

Lendemer, J. C., R. C. Harris & D. Ladd (2016). The faces of Bacidia schweinitzii: molecular and morphological data reveal three new species including a widespread sorediate morph. The Bryologist 119(2): 143-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1639/0007-2745-119.2.143

Lichens of Soldiers Delight: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichens_of_Soldiers_Delight/. Edited by Edward Uebel.

MycoBank: Fungal Databases, Nomenclature, and Species Banks. http://www.mycobank.org/

Skorepa, A. C., A. W. Norden & D. R. Windler. Studies of the Lichens of Maryland. Castanea 42. 1977.

Skorepa, A. C., A. W. Norden & D. R. Windler. Substrate Ecology of Lichens in Maryland. Castanea 44, 3. 1979.

Skorepa, A. C. & A. W. Norden. The Rare Lichens of Maryland. Threatened and Endangered Plants and Animals of Maryland. Maryland Natural Heritage Program. 1984.

Uebel, Edward. Checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi of Maryland (USA). (http://www.checklists.de/lichens/north-america/usa_maryland_l.htm)

Uebel, Edward. List of Lichens of Maryland. August 2013. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_lichens_of_Maryland)

Macroalgae

Orris, Patricia. A Revised Species List and Commentary on the Macroalgae of the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland. Estuaries, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Sept., 1980).

Mammals

Maryland Department of Natural Resources: Maryland’s Wildlife Species – Mammals of Maryland. (http://www.mascd.net/envirothon/wildlife/Wildlife/mammals.pdf)

Assateague Island NS Mammals. (http://www.assateagueisland.com/wildlife/wildlife.htm)

Chapman, J. & J. Sandt. The black-tailed jackrabbit, Lepus californicus, in Maryland. Chesapeake Science 08/1977; 18(3):318-319. DOI: 10.2307/1350809.

Mammals of Montgomery County (http://www.montgomeryparks.org/nature_centers/brookside/documents/mammals-montgomery-county.pdf)

Solem, Bob and Jo. Howard County Bird Club mammal site records. June 2013.

Taliaferro, W. B. The Mammals of Western Maryland. Appalachian Environmental Laboratory.

Maryland Biodiversity Project

Capital News Service. Tracking Biodiversity. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qsq6_2qtQew)

Maryland Native Plant Society. The Maryland Biodiversity Project Moves Forward and Maryland Finally Gets a Plant Atlas. Marylandica 7(2):5-7, Summer 2016.

Thompson, Jay R. Tracking Maryland's biodiversity, one creature at a time. The Baltimore Sun. 8 September 2013. (http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/anne-arundel/annapolis/bs-md-ar-biodiversity-20130908-story.html)

Valliant, Michael. Documenting Maryland's Biodiversity. Tidewater Times. August 2016. (https://issuu.com/tidewatertimes/docs/august_2016_ttimes_web_magazine/c/smmi4yw)

Mayflies

Mayflies of Maryland. U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. (http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/insects/mfly/md/toc.htm)

Mites

Keifer, H. H., Baker, E. W., Kono, T., Delfinado, M., and Styer, W. E. 1982. An illustrated guide to plant abnormalities caused by eriophyid mites in North America. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook No. 573, 178 pp. (http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT87208955/PDF)

Smith, Sherrie. Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, University of Arkansas Division of Research & Extension. Plant Health Clinic News. Issue 13, 27 May 2015. (http://www.uaex.edu/farm-ranch/pest-management/plant-health-clinic/docs/2015_Plant_Health_Clinic_Newsletters/Plant%20Health%20Clinic%20Newsletter-Issue%2013.pdf)

Millipedes

Hoffman, Richard L. 1999. Checklist of the Millipeds of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publications 8, 1–553. (http://www.fieldmuseum.org/sites/default/files/hoffman_checklist_1999.pdf)

Shelley, Rowland M. Annotated checklist of the millipeds of Florida (Arthropoda: Diplopoda). Insecta Mundi. Paper 316. 2000. (http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/insectamundi/316)

Mollusks

Ashton, Matt, and Kyle Sullivan. Assessment of the freshwater mussel community of the tidal-freshwater Anacostia River. February 2016.

Branscomb, E. Sanford. Proximate Causes of Mortality Determining the Distribution and Abundance of the Barnacle Balanus improvisus Darwin in Chesapeake Bay. Chesapeake Science Vol.17, No.4. December 1976. (http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/18016/1/serc_Branscomb_1976_ChesapeakeSci_17_281_288.pdf)

Hines, A.H., J.F. Dineen. Effects of salinity and adult extract on settlement of the oligohaline barnacle Balanus subalbidus. Marine Biology (1994) 119. (http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/18088/1/serc_Dineen_Hines_1994_MarBiol_119_423_430.pdf )

Kennedy, Victor & J. DiCosimo. Subtidal Distribution of barnacles (Cirripedia: Balanidae) in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Estuaries Vol.6, No.2, June, 1983.

Stone, Roger. Oyster Restoration in St. Mary's River (MD) (2006-0100-009). Sustainable Development Institute: National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Final Programmatic Report. (http://www.smrwa.org/pdfdocs/pub_OysterFinalReport.pdf)

Chesapeake Bay Program (http://www.chesapeakebay.net/fieldguide/critter/barnacles)

Mosquitoes

Maryland Department of Agriculture Mosquito Control Section (MCS). Checklist of Maryland mosquitoes provided by Josh Emm.

Moths

Beadle, D., and S. Leekie. Peterson Field Guide to Moths of Northeastern North America. Houghton Mifflin: New York, 2012.

Biechele, L. Moths of Somerset County, Maryland. An Index of Species Photographed in Princess Anne, MD. Revised: May 2008.

Brou, Vernon Antoine Jr., and J. Donald Lafontaine. A new species of Lithophane Hbn. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Xyleninae) from southeastern United States. ZooKeys 9: 11-20 (2009). (http://zookeys.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=1982)

Childs, Ken. Moth photo gallery. (https://picasaweb.google.com/107941137732251962394/Moths)

Covell, Charles V., Jr. Peterson Field Guide to the Moths of Eastern North America. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 1984.

Crabo L., Davis M., Hammond P., Mustelin T., Shepard J. Five new species and three new subspecies of Erebidae and Noctuidae (Insecta, Lepidoptera) from Northwestern North America, with notes on Chytolita Grote (Erebidae) and Hydraecia Guenée (Noctuidae). ZooKeys 264: 85-123. 2013. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.264.4304.

Davis, D. R. and J. F. Landry. A review of the North American genus Epimartyria (Lepidoptera, Micropterigidae) with a discussion of the larval plastron. 2012. ZooKeys 183: 37–83. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.183.2556

Fauske, G. M. North Dakota State University. Moths of North Dakota: An Online Identification Guide. (https://www.ndsu.edu/ndmoths/ndmoths/)

Ferguson, D. C., D. J. Hilburn, and B. Wright. The Lepidoptera of Bermuda, their foodplants, biogeography, and means of dispersal. 1991. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 158:1-106.

Ferguson, Douglas C. Host records for Lepidoptera reared in Eastern North America. USDA 1521: 1-45, 1975. (https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/naldc/download.xhtml?id=CAT76667713)

Gilligan, Todd M. Tortricidae Resources on the Web. Version 2.0. (http://www.tortricidae.com)

Glaser, John. Micromoths of Maryland, annotated lists. Last updated 2005.

Glaser, John, H. G. Stevenson, and Douglas C. Ferguson. Macromoths of Maryland: An Annotated List. Last updated 2005.

Glaser, John and Douglas C. Ferguson. Micromoths of Maryland: Pyralidae, Annotated List. Last updated 2005.

Koster, J. C. The genera Cosmopterix Hübner and Pebobs Hodges in the New World with special attention to the Neotropical fauna (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae). Zool. Med. Leiden 84 (10). 19.xi.2010: 251-575, figs 1-271.― ISSN 0024-0672.

Lafontaine, J. D., and J. B. Sullivan. (2015) A revision of the genus Doryodes Guenée, 1857, with descriptions of six new species (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Catocalinae, Euclidiini). In: Schmidt BC, Lafontaine JD (Eds) Contributions to the systematics of New World macro-moths VI. ZooKeys 527: 3–30. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.527.6087.

Lee, Sangmi and Richard L. Brown, Mississippi State University. Revised Checklist of Coleophoridae in America north of Mexico. Last updated 10 February 2009. (http://mississippientomologicalmuseum.org.msstate.edu/Researchtaxapages/Lepidoptera/Coleophoridae/Checklists/Nearctic-Coleophoridae.html).

Line, Larry. Moths of Maryland. (http://www.marylandmoths.com)

Matthews, Deborah L., Charles V. Covell, Jr., Katrina M. Lane, and Jacqueline Y. Miller. 2014. Larval Hostplants of Geometridae (Lepidoptera) Collected by Dale H. Habeck in Florida: Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 116(1):36-68.

Messenger, Charles. 1997. The Sphinx Moths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) of Nebraska: Lincoln Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences and Affiliated Societies Nebraska Academy of Sciences.

Mississippi Entomological Museum, Mississippi State University. North American Moth Photographers Group. (http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/)

Mississippi Entomological Museum, Mississippi State University. Moth Photographers Group – taxonomic notes. (http://mothphotographersgroup.msstate.edu/taxonomic_notes.php)

Munroe, Eugene. Restriction and revision of the genus Diastictis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). 1956. The Canadian Entomologist 88: 208-228.

TortAI (Tortricidae of Agricultural Importance): http://idtools.org/id/leps/tortai/Cydia_toreuta.htm

van Nieukerken, Erik (content manager). Nepticulidae and Opostegidae of the world. Latest revision 24 December 2013. http://nepticuloidea.info/.

Odonata - Dragonflies and Damselflies

Dunkle, S. W. 2000. Dragonflies through binoculars: a field guide to dragonflies of North America. Oxford University Press.

Lam, Ed. 2004. Damselflies of the Northeast: A Guide to the Species of Eastern Canada & the Northeastern United States. Biodiversity Books.

Paulson, Dennis. 2011. Dragonflies and Damselflies of the East. Princeton University Press., Princeton, NJ, USA. 538 pp.

Orr, Richard. Odonata of Maryland and the District of Columbia. (http://www.marylandinsects.com/MDDCOdonateRecords.html)

Solem, Robert and Joanne. Howard County Bird Club Odonata site records. June 2013.

Solem, Robert and Joanne. Personal Howard County records. June 2013.

Staines, C. L., S. C. Malan, G. L. Williams, and T. L. Shea, Jr. Species composition in a guild of overwintering Rhyacionia spp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae, Olethreutinae) populations in Maryland. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 86(4), 1984, 821-825.

Ware, J. L., Pilgrim, E., May, M. L., Donnelly, T. W. and Tennessen, K. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships of North American Gomphidae and their close relatives. Syst Entomol. doi:10.1111/syen.12218

Orthoptera

Walker, Thomas J. University of Florida. Singing Insects of North America (SINA). 2004. (http://entnemdept.ifas.ufl.edu/walker/buzz/index.htm; http://entnemdept.ifas.ufl.edu/walker/buzz/h00dbase.htm)

Plants

Atha E., Daniel, Michael H. Nee and Robert F. C. Naczi. 2011. Persicaria extremiorientalis (Polygonaceae) is established in the flora of eastern United States of America. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 137(4): 333-338.

The Biota of North America Program: BONAP’s North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). (http://www.bonap.org/)

Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Plants of Maryland (April 2010). Maryland Wildlife and Heritage Service Natural Heritage Program (http://www.dnr.state.md.us/wildlife/Plants_Wildlife/rte/pdfs/rte_Plant_List.pdf)

Invasive Species of Concern in Maryland. Maryland Invasive Species Council. (http://www.mdinvasivesp.org/list_terrestrial_plants.html)

Bartgis, Rodney L. The Endangered Sedge Scirpus ancistrochaetus and the Flora of Sinkhole Ponds in Maryland and West Virginia. Castanea 57(1). March 1992.

Bentley, S. Native Orchids of the Southern Appalachian Mountains. University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, 2000.

Biechele, L. Collections of Delmarva records, including fungi, lichens, algae, and dodders.

Brown, L. Grasses: An Identification Guide. Houghton Mifflin: New York, 1979.

Chapman, W. Orchid of the Northeast: A Field Guide. Syracuse University Press: Syracuse, 1997.

Checklist and Key to Species of Carex on the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Maryland. Spjut and Whitcomb, 2004.

Chippindall, Lucy K.A. The grasses and pastures of South Africa. Pt. 1. A guide to the identification of grasses in South Africa. Pt. 1. 1955.

Choukas-Bradley, M., and T. Brown. An Illustrated Guide to Eastern Woodland Wildflowers & Trees: 350 Plants Observed at Sugarloaf Mountain, Maryland. University of Virginia Press: Charlottesville, 2007.

Clemants, S., and C. Gracie. Wildflowers in the Field and Forest: A Field Guide to the Northeastern United States. Oxford University Press: New York, 2006.

Cobb, B., E. Farnsworth, and C. Lowe. A Field Guide to Ferns and their Related Families: Northeastern and Central North America 2nd Ed. Houghton Mifflin: New York, 2005.

Core, E., and W. Lunk. Spring Wildflowers of West Virginia. West Virginia University Press: Morgantown, 2005.

Ebert, J. and J. Holt. Vascular Plant Survey Of Adkins Arboretum Caroline County, Maryland 1998, 1999. Chadds Ford, PA.

Eubel, E. Maryland Bryophytes Collected by Elmer G. Worthley. (http://mdflora.org/publications/forsale/bryophytescoll.html)

Farr, P. and R. Tyndall. Expansion of an Eastern Hemlock Forest in Maryland. Castanea 57(3). September 1992.

Fleming, C., M. Lobstein, and B. Tufty. Finding Wildflowers in the Washington – Baltimore Area. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, 1995.

Frye, C., Lea, C. Atlas and Annotated Checklist of Carex (Cyperaceae) of Maryland and the District of Columbia. The Maryland Naturalist: Vol.2, No.2. Winter 2001.

Harms, B. Patuxent Research Refuge Plant Inventory Project. June 2013.

Harshberger, J. The Vegetation of the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Dover Publications: New York, 1970.

Hill, S. An Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Assateague Island (Maryland and Virginia). Castanea 51(4), December 1986.

Hemmerly, T. Appalachian Wildflowers: An Ecological Guide to the Flowering Plants from Quebec to Georgia. University of Georgia Press: Athens, 2002.

Knapp, W. and W. McAvoy. Sphagnum cyclophyllum New to Delaware and Maryland. Evansia, 29 (4), 2012.

Knapp, W., R. Naczi, W. Longbottom, C. Davis, W. McAvoy, C. Frye, J. Harrison, and P. Stango, III. 2011. Floristic discoveries in Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. Phytoneuron 2011-64: 1–26. Published 15 December 2011. ISSN 2153 733X.

Kolb, Haven. Solidago (Asteraceae) in Maryland I: County Distribution of Species. Castanea 56(2), June 1991.

Martin, A., H. Zim, and A. Nelson. American Wildlife & Plants: A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits. Dover Publications: New York, 1951.

Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Water Chestnut Eradication Report 1999-2012. http://www.dnr.state.md.us/bay/sav/water_chestnut_report.asp. Accessed on 3/30/2014.

McAvoy, W. The Lycophytes, Monilophytes, and Gymnosperms of the Delmarva Peninsula, An Annotated Checklist. The Maryland Naturalist 48(1):1-48. 2007.

McAvoy, W. Noteworthy Native Plant Collections from the Delmarva Peninsula. Bartonia No. 60: 23-36, 2000.

McPherson, S. Pitcher Plants of the Americas. The McDonald & Woodward Publishing Company: Blacksburg, 2007.

Meadows, R. and K. Saltonstall. 2007. Distribution of native and introduced Phragmites australis in freshwater and oligohaline tidal marshes of the Delmarva Peninsula and southern New Jersey. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 134(1):99-107.

Newcomb, L., and G. Morrison. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide. Little, Brown and Company: New York, 1977.

Neyland, R. Wildflowers of the Coastal Plain, A Field Guide: Includes the Lower Mississippi River Valley, Gulf, and Atlantic Coast States. Louisiana State University Press: Baton Rouge, 2009.

Parrish, J. Native Woody Plants of Montgomery County, Maryland. 2002.

Parrish, J. Native Plants of the Sligo Creek Watershed: http://www.fosc.org/PlantInventory.htm (November 2013).

Pfitzenmeyer, H. Notes on the Nudibranch, Elysia chloritica, from Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Chesapeake Science 1(2):114-115. 1 June 1960.

Radford, A. E., H. Ahles, and C. Bell. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, 1968.

Reed, Clyde F. A Flora of the Chrome and Manganese Ore Piles at Canton, in the Port of Baltimore, Maryland and at Newport News, Virginia, with Descriptions of Genera and Species New to the Flora of Eastern United States. Phytologia, July 1964, 10(5): 321-406. (http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46702#page/349)

Reed, Clyde F. Amanthaceae new to eastern United States. Castanea 26(3): 123-127, September 1961. (https://www.jstor.org/stable/i375942)

Robinson, G. S., P. R. Ackery, I. J. Kitching, G. W. Beccaloni & L. M. Hernández, 2010. HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts.

Shoemaker, L. Shrubs and Vines of New Jersey. Bulletin 10, April 1965: New Jersey State Museum, Trenton.

Sibley, D. The Sibley Guide to Trees. Knopf: New York, 2009.

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany collection records.

Shetler, Stanwyn G., Sylvia Stone Orli, Elizabeth F. Wells, and Marcie Beyersdorfer. 2006. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Plummers Island, Montgomery County, Maryland. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 14: 1-57.

Steury, Brent W., R. Wayne Tyndall, and Gene Cooley. Noteworthy Collections: Maryland. Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. Castanea, 61(4): 392-396. December 1996. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/4033865)

Steury, Brent W. Survey for Endangered, Threatened and Rare Vascular Plants in Cove Point Marsh, Calvert County, Maryland. The Maryland Naturalist. 41(3-4): 89-96. July/December 1997.

Steury, Brent W. Floristics Survey of Battle Creek Cypress Swamp Sanctuary, Calvert County, Maryland. The Maryland Naturalist. 42(1-2): 24-28. January/June 1998.

Steury, Brent W. Noteworthy Collections: Maryland. Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. Castanea, 64(3): 271-272. September 1999. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/4033914)

Steury, Brent W. Annotated List of Vascular Plants from a Nontidal Barrier Wetland along the Chesapeake Bay in Calvert County, Maryland. Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. Castanea, 64(2): 187-200. June 1999. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/4033938)

Steury, Brent W. Noteworthy Collections: Maryland. Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. Castanea, 65(3): 228-229. September 2000. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/4034092)

Steury, Brent W. Noteworthy Collections: Maryland. Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. Castanea, 65(2): 168-170. June 2000. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/4034116)

Steury, Brent W. Rare, Threatened and Endangered Vascular Plants of the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Harford and Baltimore Counties, Maryland. The Maryland Naturalist. 45(1): 1-12. Summer 2002.

Steury, Brent W. The Vascular Flora of Cove Point, Calvert County, Maryland. The Maryland Naturalist. 45(2): 1-28. Winter 2002.

Steury, Brent W., and Charles A. Davis. The Vascular Flora of Piscataway and Fort Washington National Park, Prince Georges and Charles Counties, Maryland. Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. Castanea, 68(4): 271-299. December 2003. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/4034244)

Steury, Brent W., and Charles A. Davis. Noteworthy Collections: Maryland. Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. Castanea, 69(2): 156-157. June 2004. (http://www.jstor.org/stable/4034184)

Sturm, M. Assessment of the Effects of Feral Horses, Sika Deer and White-Tailed Deer on Assateague Island's Forest and Shrub Habitats, Final Report, May 2007. Assateague Island National Seashore. (http://www.nps.gov/nero/science/FINAL/ASIS_horsedeer/ASISHorseDeerVegFinal_May07.pdf)

Swearingen, J., B. Slattery, K. Reshetiloff, and S. Zwicker. 2010. Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, 4th ed. National Park Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, DC. 168pp. (http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/pubs/midatlantic/midatlantic.pdf)

Terrell, E. E., & Peterson, P. M. Annotated List of Maryland Grasses (Poaceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3(2): 905 – 919. 2009.

Tyndall, R. Wayne. Herbaceous Layer Vegetation on Maryland Serpentine. Castanea 57(4). December 1992.

Tyndall, McCarthy, Ludwig, and Rome. Vegetation of Six Carolina Bays in Maryland. Castanea 55(1). March 1990.

Tyndall, R. Wayne and Patricia M. Farr. Vegetation and Flora of a Serpentine Pine-Cedar Savanna in Maryland. Castanea 54(3). September 1989.

Tyndall, R. Wayne and Patricia M. Farr. Vegetation and Flora of the Pilot Serpentine Area in Maryland. Castanea 55(4). December 1990.

Venning, F. and M. Saito. Wildflowers of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. Golden Press: New York, 1984.

Weber, Barbara, Robert L. Anderson and William H. Hoffard. How to Diagnose Black Walnut Damage. North Central Forest Experiment Station Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture: USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-57. (https://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/howtos/ht_walnut/cover.htm)

Werier, D. Carex reznicekii, a new widespread species of Carex section Acrocystis (Cyperaceae) from Eastern North America. SIDA, Contributions to Botany Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 1049-1070. 23 November 2006.

USDA Plants Database (http://plants.usda.gov/java/)

Planthoppers

Bartlett, Charles R. University of Delaware College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Planthoppers of North America. 2012. http://canr.udel.edu/planthoppers.

Bartlett, Charles R., Erin R. Adams, and Anthony T. Gorzon, Jr. Planthoppers of Delaware (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea), excluding Delphacidae, with Species Incidence from Adjacent States. Zookeys (83): 1-42. Published online February 25, 2011. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3082965/.

Childs, Ken. Hopper photo gallery. (https://picasaweb.google.com/107941137732251962394/Hoppers)

Kennedy, A. C. and C. R. Bartlett. Systematics of Caenodelphax Fennah (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea: Dephacidae) and Description of the New Genus Flavoclypeus. TAES 140:17-65. 28 February 2013.

Morgan, L. W. and R. H. Beamer. A Revision of Three Genera of Delphacine Fulgorids from America North of Mexico (Homoptera-Fulgoridae-Delphacinae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, Vol. 22, No. 4 (Oct., 1949), pp. 121-142.

Proturans

Allen, Robert T. 2006. Studies on the North American Protura I: catalog and atlas of the Protura of North America; descriptions of new species; key to the species of Eosentomon. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 156: 97-116.

Bernard, Ernest C. and Lance T. Biechele. 2008. Nipponentomon pembertonense, n. sp. (Protura: Acerentomidae) from Maryland. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 121(4):438-444.

Bonet F. and S. L. Tuxon. 1960. Reexamination of Species of Protura Described by H. E. Ewing. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 112: 265-305.

Ewing, H. E. 1921. New genera and Species of Protura. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 23: 193-202.

Ewing, H. E. 1940. The Protura of North America. Annuals of the Entomological Society of America. Vol. XXXIII, No. 3, pp. 495-551.

Tuxen, S. L. 1964. The Protura. A Revision of the Species of the World with Keys for Determination. Hermann, Paris.

Walker, Gary L. and Richard W. Rust. 1975. Seasonal Distribution of Protura in Three Delaware Forests. Entomological News. Vol. 86, Numbers 9 & 10, pp. 187-198.

Reptiles and Amphibians

Alexander, Pyron, R. and Burbrink, F.T., 2009. Lineage diversification in a widespread species: roles for niche divergence and conservatism in the common kingsnake, Lampropeltis getula. Molecular Ecology, 18(16), pp.3443-3457.

Conant, R. and Collins, J. T., 1998. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern and Central North America (Vol. 12). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Harris, Herbert S. Distributional survey (Amphibia/Reptilia): Maryland and the District of Columbia. Maryland Herpetological Society, Department of Herpetology, Natural History Society of Maryland, 1975.

Maryland Department of Natural Resources: Discover Maryland’s Herps (http://www.dnr.state.md.us/wildlife/Plants_Wildlife/herps/index.asp)

Molines, Karyn. Development of an Identification Process Using Digital Photographs: Marbled Salamander Migration Study. (http://dnr2.maryland.gov/waters/cbnerr/Documents/publications/Molines_SalamanderReport_JugBay_2008.pdf)

Rossman, D. A. 1996. The Garter Snakes: Evolution and Ecology. University of Oklahoma Press.

Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America: Eastern and Central Regions. Taylor Trade Publishing.

Virginia Herpetological Society web site: http://www.virginiaherpetologicalsociety.com/

White, J., White, A. Amphibians and Reptiles of Delmarva. Tidewater Publishers: Centreville, Maryland, 2002.

Robber Flies

Artigas, J. N., 1966. The genus Diogmites (robber flies) in eastern United States (Diptera: Asilidae).

Baker, N. T. and R. L. Fischer. 1975. A taxonomic and ecologic study of the Asilidae of Michigan. Great Lakes Entomologist 8 (2): 31-91.

Barnes, Jeffrey K. Review of the genus Ceraturgus Wiedemann (Diptera: Asilidae) in North America north of Mexico. Zootaxa 1766 (2008): 1-45.

Bedell, P., 2010. A preliminary list of the robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) of Virginia. Banisteria, 36, pp.3-19.

Bromley, Stanley Willard. The Laphriine robber flies of North America. Diss. The Ohio State University, 1934.

Bromley, Stanley Willard. 1928. Notes on the Genus Proctacanthus with the Descriptions of Two New Species (Diptera; Asilidæ). Psyche, 35(1), pp.12-15.

Bullington, S. W. 1986. Two new genera related to Laphria Meigen (Diptera: Asilidae), with revisions of the included species in North America north of Mexico. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, 275 pp.

Bullington, S. W. and Lavigne, R. J. 1984. Review of the genus Ommatius Wiedemann (Diptera: Asilidae) in eastern United States with descriptions of five new species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 77(4), pp.372-392.

Hine, J. S. 1911. Robberflies of the genera Promachus and Proctacanthus. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 4(2), pp.153-172.

F. Geller-Grimm Asilidae website. http://www.geller-grimm.de/asilidae.htm

Lavers, Norm. Personal web site: http://normanlavers.net/

Raney, Herschel. RNA site. http://www.hr-rna.com/RNA/Robber%20main%20page.htm

Robber Flies of Maryland. (http://www.hr-rna.com/RNA/Rfly%20pages/Robber%20list%20Maryland.htm)

Wilcox, J. 1960. Laphystia Loew in North America (Diptera: Asilidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 53: 328-346.

Rotifers

Puterbaugh, Mary N., Skinner, John J. and Jennifer M. Miller. 2004. A Nonrandom Pattern of Rotifers Occupying Lobules of the Hepatic, Frullania eboracensis. The Bryologist 107(4), pp. 524-530

Scale Insects

Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. 2001. ScaleNet, Scales in a Subunit Query Results. 1 August 2013. http://www.sel.barc.usda.gov/scalecgi/region.exe?region=N&family=All&country=USA&genus=&subunit=MD&intro=A&detail=Yes®name=Nearctic&ctryname=United+States+of+America&action=Submit+Query&querytype=Subunit+Query

Sawflies

Smith, D. R. 1969. Nearctic sawflies I. Blennocampinae: Adults and larvae (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae).—U.S. Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin No. 1397

Solomon, J. D. 1995. Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook AH-706. 735 pp.

Smith, D. R. 2008. Hymenoptera (Insecta) of Plummers Island, Maryland: Symphyta and selected families of Apocrita. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 15.

Sea Urchins

Serafy, K., and Fell, J. Marine Flora and Fauna of the Northeastern United States. Echinodermata: Echinoidea: NOAA Technical Report NMFS 33. September, 1985.

Spiders

The American Arachnological Society Committee on Common Names of Acrachnids, R.G. Breene (chair). Common Names of Arachnids 2003, 5th ed., ISBN 1-929427-11-5, October 2003. (http://www.americanarachnology.org/acn5.pdf)

Bradley, R. A. Common Spiders of North America. University of California Press, 2012.

Gaddy, L. L. Spiders of the Carolinas. Kollath+Stennsaas Publishing, 2009.

Levi, Herbert. American Spiders of the genera Audifia, Euryopis and Dipoena (Araneae: Theridiidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, Vol. 129, No. 2. April, 1963.

Levi, Herbert. The spider genera Enoplognatha, Theridion, and Paidisca in America north of Mexico. Bulletin of the Museum of Natural History, Vol. 112, 1957.

Natural History Museum Bern. World Spider Catalog. Version 17.0, 2016. (http://www.wsc.nmbe.ch/)

Petrunkevitch, Alexander. Synonymic index-catalogue of spiders of North, Central and South America with all adjacent islands, Greenland, Bermuda, West Indies, Terra del Fuego, Galapagos, ect. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol.29, 1911.

Platnick, N. The World Spider Catalog, V13.5. 2000-2013: (http://research.amnh.org/iz/spiders/catalog/INTRO1.html)

Richman, Cutler, Hill. Salticidae of North America, including Mexico. Peckhamia 95.3, February 2012.

Springtails

Maynard, Elliot A. 1951. A Monograph of the Collembola or Springtail Insects of New York State. Comstock Publishing Company, Inc., Ithaca, New York.

Stoneflies

Stoneflies of Maryland. U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. (http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/insects/sfly/md/toc.htm)

Tanaids

Drumm, D., R. Heard, & K. Larsen. 2006, August 29. Tanaidacea Web Site. http://www.usm.edu/gcrl/tanaids/. Accessed on 12/13/2014.

Tardigrades

Curtin, C. B. 1957. Studies on the tardigrades. II. Some tardigrades from Maryland.P. Acad. Sci. Publ., 31: 142-146.

Tiger Beetles

Guarnieri, Frank G. Observations of Cicindela unipunctata Fabricius, 1775 (One-spotted Tiger Beetle) at Pocomoke River State Park, Worcester County, Maryland. Maryland Entomologist 5:1, September 2009. (http://www.mdentsoc.org/sites/default/files/Phaeton/v5n1.pdf)

Knisley, C. B. , and T. D. Schultz . 1997. The Biology of Tiger Beetles and a Guide to the Species of the South Atlantic States. Virginia Museum of Natural History, Martinsville, VA.

Mawdsley, J. Maryland Tiger Beetle List (excel spreadsheet).

Pearson, D. B., Knisley, C. B., Duran, D. P., Kazilek, C. J. 2015. A Field Guide to the Tiger Beetles of the United States and Canada: Identification, Natural History, and Distribution of the Cicindelinae. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

True Bugs

Henry, T. J., and R. C. Froeschner (eds.). Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill, Leiden. 958 pp. 1988.

Mallory, Chris. Psyllids of North America. (http://psyllids.info/index.php)

Wasps and Hornets

Buck, M., T. P. Cobb, J. K. Stahlhut & R. H. Hanner. Unravelling cryptic species diversity in eastern Nearctic paper wasps, Polistes (Fuscopolistes), using male genitalia, morphometrics and DNA barcoding, with descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Zootaxa 3502: 1-48. (http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2012/f/z03502p048f.pdf)

Carpenter, James & Kojima, Jun-ichi. Checklist of the Species in the Subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Natural History Bulletin, Ibaraki University. 1:51-92, 1997.

Grissell, E.E., and Hevel, G.F. 2005. First report of Theocolax ingens Xiao and Huang (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) in the western hemisphere with a synopsis of the genus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 107(2) pp. 254-258.

Staines, C. L. 1995. Polistes dominulus (Christ) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) New to Maryland. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 97(4): 891.

Yu, D. S., K. van Achterberg, and K. Horstmann. 2005. World Ichneumonoidea 2004. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution. DVD/CD. Taxapad, Vancouver.

Worms

Reynolds, John Warren. The Earthworms of Maryland (Oligochaeta: Acanthodrilidae, Lumbricidae, Megasolecidae and Sparganophilidae). Megadrilogica, Volume 1, Number 11, November, 1974.