Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria (Wilson, 1813)    Synonyms: SOSA.
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Aves   >   Order Charadriiformes   >   Family Scolopacidae   >   Genus Tringa   

Status:

The Solitary Sandpiper is a familiar spring and fall migrant in Maryland. It rarely joins large shorebird flocks on open mudflats, marshes, or beaches. They instead visit small ponds, large puddles, and various freshwater habitats less likely to attract other shorebirds. They pass through Maryland in spring mostly in April and May on their way to northern forests, nearly all in Canada. There they nest near freshwater water bodies and bogs, but their nesting habits may be a surprise. The male identifies old nests of songbird species such as those of American Robin, Rusty Blackbird, Cedar Waxwing, and Canada Jay. The female confirms the best choice, removes old lining, and relines the nest.

The species passes through Maryland again in fall, this time on its way to wintering grounds in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean, sometimes at elevation up to about 4,000 feet. The northernmost normal wintering range includes Mexico and southern Texas.

There are 386 records in the project database.

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A Solitary Sandpiper in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (4/28/2018). Photo by Ben Springer. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in Baltimore Co., Maryland (9/8/2017). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in Calvert Co., Maryland (5/18/2019). Photo by Ben Springer. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (8/19/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (8/19/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A juvenile Solitary Sandpiper at Triadelphia Reservoir, Montgomery Co., Maryland (9/19/2010). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in Howard Co., Maryland (9/12/2014). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/18/2016). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Cecil Co., Maryland (8/2/2022). (c) Jonathan Irons, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jonathan Irons. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (9/3/2020). (c) Jonathan Irons, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jonathan Irons. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Worcester Co., Maryland (8/11/2010). (c) Frode Jacobsen, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Frode Jacobsen via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/6/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/4/2022). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A migrant Solitary Sandpiper in Calvert Co., Maryland (9/14/2015). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Frederick Co., Maryland (4/27/2020). . Photo by Andy Wilson via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in Howard Co., Maryland (4/28/2012). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/11/2022). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/30/2020). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in Calvert Co., Maryland (5/14/2020). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Prince George's Co., Maryland (5/9/2021). (c) Sergei Drovetski, all rights reserved. Photo by Sergei Drovetski. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (5/19/2022). (c) Jonathan Irons, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jonathan Irons. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/5/2022). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/4/2020). (c) Frode Jacobsen, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Frode Jacobsen via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/5/2022). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (7/27/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (7/27/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (8/4/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/16/2011). (c) Frode Jacobsen, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Frode Jacobsen via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (9/28/2020). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (4/27/2021). (c) Jonathan Irons, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jonathan Irons. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper in hand at Back River WWTP in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/8/1979). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (8/19/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in Montgomery Co., Maryland (8/10/2020). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Solitary Sandpiper being banded in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (5/18/2022). (c) Jonathan Irons, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jonathan Irons. (MBP list)

Solitary Sandpiper in hand at Back River WWTP in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/8/1979). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)


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