Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus (Linnaeus, 1758)    Synonyms: GCFL.
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Aves   >   Order Passeriformes   >   Family Tyrannidae   >   Genus Myiarchus   

Status:

Common breeding species in woodlands throughout the state, though less common in the Allegheny Mountain section than in other sections (Robbins and Blom, 1996).

Description:

Gray throat and breast, bright lemon yellow lower belly. Brown above with rufous in primary feathers of wing and on inner web of outer tail feathers. Distinctive call, a loud, piercing, whistled "creep."

Where to find:

The Great Crested Flycatcher inhabits wood margins and open stands of pine and deciduous forest (Stewart and Robbins, 1958). Unlike other eastern flycatchers, the Great Crested nests in cavities, and cavity choice is influenced by size more than by other factors. The cavities must be large and deep enough (having an internal diameter of 5-6 inches) to hold the species' bulky nest filled with plant debris and litter. The Great Crested prefers forests with mature trees, and, although it will accept artificial nesting structures, mature woodlands and dead or dying trees should be conserved to maintain habitat for this flycatcher (Robbins and Blom, 1996).

Relationships:

Eats mostly insects of many kinds, spiders, and sometimes small lizards, plus berries and other fruits.

There are 371 records in the project database.

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Several calling at dawn on Elliott Island (6/17/2012). - Bill Hubick.


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A Great Crested Flycatcher in Charles Co., Maryland (6/23/2018). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Cecil Co., Maryland (9/10/2016). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher at Patapsco Valley State Park, Howard Co., Maryland (5/29/2011). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Harford Co., Maryland (8/29/2019). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/18/2019). Photo by Bob Cammarata. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Baltimore Co., Maryland (8/31/2016). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/27/2020). (c) Frode Jacobsen, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Frode Jacobsen via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Harford Co., Maryland (9/6/2018). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Dorchester Co., Maryland (5/8/2010). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Harford Co., Maryland (5/4/2018). Photo by Austin Jennings. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Talbot Co., Maryland (7/12/2018). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/10/2021). (c) Dave, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Dave via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (8/26/2015). Photo by Bill Keim. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Kent Co., Maryland (8/31/2021). (c) cybzilla, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by cybzilla via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Montgomery Co., Maryland (8/17/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatchers in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/25/2020). Photo by William Blauvelt. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/7/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Montgomery Co., Maryland (7/3/2020). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (8/4/2020). (c) Jonathan Irons, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jonathan Irons. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatchers in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/25/2020). (c) Bill Blauvelt, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Bill Blauvelt via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Great Crested Flycatcher in Carroll Co., Maryland (5/6/2019). Photo by Chris Walters. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/26/2021). (c) Stephen John Davies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Stephen John Davies via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Great Crested Flycatcher at presumed nesting cavity in Somerset Co., Maryland (6/8/2021). (c) hd101, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by hd101 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


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