Red Trillium Trillium erectum Linnaeus    Synonyms: Ill-scented Trillium, Stinking Benjamin, Wake Robin, Wake-robin.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Liliales   >   Family Melanthiaceae   >   Genus Trillium   

Status:

Red Trillium occurs throughout most of eastern North America.

Description:

Three, large, leaf-like structures surround the flower. These are technically bracts rather than leaves, but function as leaves. The flowers are ill-scented, with spreading petals that are red, maroon, or dark purple, occasionally white. The flower stalk is erect or declined. The berry is dark red. Bloom time is April-June.

Where to find:

In Maryland, Red Trillium is found in rich woods, mainly in the middle part of the state and in the mountains.

Relationships:

Red Trillium produces no nectar and is pollinated by flies and beetles that are attracted to the foul scent of the flowers.

The seeds have oily appendages called “elaiosomes,” which are a food source for many insects, especially ants. Attracted to the elaiosomes, the insects gather and disperse the seeds.

There are 110 records in the project database.

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Red Trilliums blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/8/2017). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Red Trillium blooming in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/2/2010). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Red Trillium blooming in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/3/2015). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (4/8/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Red Trillium blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/14/2013). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/17/2015). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Red Trillium blooming in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/2/2015). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (4/5/2021). (c) tomfeild, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Tom Feild. (MBP list)

Red Trillium along the Susquehanna River in Harford Co., Maryland (4/14/2006). Photo by Steve Collins. (MBP list)

Red Trillium blooming in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/3/2015). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (4/30/2017). Photo by Jared Satchell. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/2/2018). Photo by Robert Ferraro. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/10/2016). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Red Trillium blooming in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/8/2018). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/15/2021). (c) johnbotany, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by John Hall. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/3/2018). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (4/15/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/1/2019). (c) boelke0, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by boelke0 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/1/2019). (c) cdkamau0, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by cdkamau0 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/1/2019). (c) kdgrove0, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by kdgrove0 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Washington Co., Maryland (4/4/2020). (c) chipp, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by chipp via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Red Trillium in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/3/2020). (c) Nolan Shigley, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Nolan Shigley via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


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