No Common Name Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus (Bosc) Fries/(E. Fisher) Lloyd    Synonyms: Phallus rubicundus, Phallus rugulosus, Wrinkly Stinkhorn.
Kingdom Fungi   >   Phylum Basidiomycota   >   Class Agaricomycetes   >   Order Phallales   >   Family Phallaceae   >   Genus Phallus   

Status:

It appears Maryland is in an overlap zone between these two species and there are some rough macro characteristics separating the two

Description:

Fruiting body: arises from egg-like structure. In maturity consists of hollow, reddish-orange, pock-marked stalk topped by narrow, bell-shaped cap with skirt at bottom and reddish opening at apex. Cap covered with foul-smelling, green spore mass (J. Solem, pers. comm.). According to Kuo, "Phallus rubicundus has a red to pink stem that is, on average, somewhat thicker than the skinny, orange stem of Phallus rugulosus. In North America the two species also have different ranges; Phallus rubicundus generally stays south of a line between roughly Oklahoma and Virginia, while Phallus rugulosus is more common from roughly the same line northward, although there Is some overlap."

Where to find:

Found solitary or in clusters on or near gardens, wood chips, and meadows.

There are 31 records in the project database.

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Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Prince George's Co., Maryland (7/26/2014). Photo by John Hall. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (7/16/2016). Determined by Bob and Jo Solem based on macro characteristics. Photo by Lori Byrne. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Howard Co., Maryland (10/2/2016). Cap and upper stem showing skirt at base of fertile surface. Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (10/6/2016). Photo by Jane Kostenko. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Frederick Co., Maryland (8/13/2017). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Kent Co., Maryland (9/15/2017). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus "eggs" from which fruiting bodies will emerge in Howard Co., Maryland (10/2/2016). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Montgomery Co., Maryland (9/14/2018). Determined by Jo Solem. Photo by Anne Looker. (MBP list)

Bases of old fruiting bodies of Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Howard Co., Maryland (10/2/2016). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Harford Co., Maryland (8/17/2017). Determined by M. Mulvey, mycology instructor at Eagle Hill Institute (ME). Photo by Dave Webb. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Kent Co., Maryland (5/29/2017). Determined by Jo Solem. Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (6/3/2017). Determined by Jo Solem. Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus in Baltimore Co., Maryland (6/25/2020). (c) brollfinke, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by brollfinke via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Phallus rubicundus/rugulosus spores from a specimen collected in Howard Co., Maryland (10/2/2016). Ellipsoid, smooth, hyaline; measured 3.2-6.4 X 1.7-2.6 microns. Photo by Robert Solem. (MBP list)


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