Virginia Springbeauty Claytonia virginica Linnaeus    Synonyms: Claytonia media, Claytonia virginica var. acutiflora, Spring Beauty, Spring-Beauty.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Caryophyllales   >   Family Montiaceae   >   Genus Claytonia   

Status:

Linnaeus gave this plant its genus name, Claytonia, to honor John Clayton (1694-1773), an early Virginia botanist. Clayton was the author of Flora Virginica, which was last updated in 1762. A modern version of the “flora” was published 250 years later, as the Flora of Virginia, by Weakley, et al. (2012).

Description:

Virginia Springbeauty is a common and widespread, primarily woodland, plant that blooms in spring. It is a true spring ephemeral, in that all of its above-ground parts senesce and disappear by late spring, when the leaf canopy begins to fill in and shade the forest floor. Energy that the plants produce by photosynthesis in the spring is stored in small, underground corms. This energy powers the next spring’s burst of above-ground growth. Springbeauties that are in flower have two leaves, whereas immature plants have only one leaf and do not flower. The blooming period lasts about 1-2 months. Springbeauty is one of the first wildflowers to bloom in spring and is pollinated by insects.

Where to find:

Woodland areas.

Relationships:

Host to Spring Beauty Rust.

The seeds have structures called elaiosomes, which are attractive to ants. Ants carry the seeds to their nests and thereby disperse them.

There are 990 records in the project database.

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Virginia Springbeauty in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/10/2017). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Washington Co., Maryland (4/3/2010). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/11/2015). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (2/27/2012). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (4/14/2013). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Prince George's Co., Maryland (3/20/2022). (c) Sergei Drovetski, all rights reserved. Photo by Sergei Drovetski. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Frederick Co., Maryland (3/24/2019). Photo by Jim Moore. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty blooming in Green Ridge SF, Allegany Co., Maryland (4/19/2008). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Washington Co., Maryland (4/11/2022). (c) Emilio Concari, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Emilio Concari. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/27/2014). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty blooming in Kent Co., Maryland (4/19/2015). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty blooming in Cecil Co., Maryland (4/12/2017). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/11/2019). Photo by Sue Muller. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Calvert Co., Maryland (5/2/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Charles Co., Maryland (4/9/2019). Photo by Lynne Wheeler. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty with Springbeauty Rust in Washington Co., Maryland (4/15/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Baltimore City, Maryland (4/28/2018). Photo by Kirsten Johnson. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Charles Co., Maryland (4/4/2020). (c) spyingnaturalist, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by spyingnaturalist via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/25/2020). (c) Kelly Beller, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Kelly Beller via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/26/2019). (c) laurabankey, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by laurabankey via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/12/2020). (c) eckane, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by eckane via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Caroline Co., Maryland (4/15/2020). (c) Wayne Longbottom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/16/2022). (c) David, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Photo by David via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/16/2022). (c) David, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Photo by David via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/16/2022). (c) David, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Photo by David via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Washington Co., Maryland (4/20/2019). (c) Jacob Malcom, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA). Photo by Jacob Malcom via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/20/2019). (c) Dwight Johnson, all rights reserved. Photo by Dwight Johnson. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (3/24/2019). (c) Katja Schulz, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Katja Schulz via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Charles Co., Maryland (5/2/2020). (c) Scot Magnotta, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Scot Magnotta via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Charles Co., Maryland (5/2/2020). (c) Scot Magnotta, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Scot Magnotta via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/22/2019). (c) Charlie Davis, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Charlie Davis. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/3/2020). (c) toconnell2192, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by toconnell2192 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Caroline Co., Maryland (4/3/2020). (c) Wayne Longbottom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty and other spring ephemeral plants doing battle with encroaching Lesser Celandine in Prince George's Co., Maryland (4/20/2019). The hill to the left was a much more healthy bastion of native spring flowers than the floodplain. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Howard Co., Maryland (5/17/2018). Image processed by Helen Lowe Metzman. Photo by USGS PWRC. (MBP list)

Virginia Springbeauty in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (4/12/2011). Photo by Lori Byrne. (MBP list)


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