Violet Woodsorrel Oxalis violacea Linnaeus    Synonyms: Ionoxalis violacea, Violet Wood Sorrel.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Geraniales   >   Family Oxalidaceae   >   Genus Oxalis   

Description:

In Maryland, Violet Woodsorrel is the only species of woodsorrel that has lavender flowers; almost all of the other species have yellow flowers. The leaves of Violet Woodsorrel have a clover-like appearance, as do the leaves of other woodsorrels, but Violet Woodsorrel's leaves differ in that they typically have a purple blush, which makes identification easy even when the plant is not in bloom. The leaves are all basal and often reddish-purple beneath.

Where to find:

Violet Woodsorrel grows in rich forest soils. Since rich forests are uncommon on the Coastal Plain, Violet Woodsorrel is more common in the Piedmont and Ridge and Valley Provinces. The lack of records from the Allegheny Plateau in Maryland is probably due to lack of coverage rather than an indication of true absence.

Relationships:

Violet Woodsorrel is pollinated by bees. Some gardening websites state that it is a poor butterfly nectar source.

There are 162 records in the project database.

View species at Maryland Plant Atlas

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A Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Charles Co., Maryland (5/11/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Harford Co., Maryland (5/25/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Prince George's Co., Maryland (5/25/2016). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/2/2020). (c) smuller, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Sue Muller via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Howard Co., Maryland (5/8/2010). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/16/2017). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/19/2012). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

A Violet Woodsorrel in Calvert Co., Maryland (5/18/2014). Photo by Matt Tillett. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Carroll Co., Maryland (4/22/2020). (c) Matthew Beziat, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Matthew Beziat via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/3/2010). Photo by Kerry Wixted. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/14/2015). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/22/2015). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

A patch of young Violet Woodsorrel at Schooley Mill Park in Howard Co., Maryland (5/10/2014). Photo by Nancy Magnusson. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Harford Co., Maryland (5/13/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/25/2015). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/21/1981). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (5/11/2009). Photo by Robert Solem. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/30/1981). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/29/2017). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)


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