Violet Woodsorrel Oxalis violacea Linnaeus    Synonyms: Ionoxalis violacea, Violet Wood Sorrel.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Geraniales   >   Family Oxalidaceae   >   Genus Oxalis   

Status:

Violet Woodsorrel grows in rich forest soils. Since rich forests are uncommon on the Coastal Plain, Violet Woodsorrel is more common in the Piedmont and Ridge and Valley Provinces.

Description:

In Maryland, Violet Woodsorrel is the only species of woodsorrel that has lavender flowers; almost all of the other species have yellow flowers. The leaves of Violet Woodsorrel have a clover-like appearance, as do the leaves of other woodsorrels, but Violet Woodsorrel's leaves differ in that they typically have a purple blush, which makes identification easy even when the plant is not in bloom. The leaves are all basal and often reddish-purple beneath.

Relationships:

Violet Woodsorrel is pollinated by bees. Some gardening websites state that it is a poor butterfly nectar source.

There are 248 records in the project database.

View at Maryland Plant Atlas

Search Flora of North America

Search Mid-Atlantic Herbaria Consortium

Search Norton-Brown Herbarium

View taxon at iNaturalist

View taxon at NatureServe

Search Google Images


[View seasonality details]
GA AL WA FR CL MO HO BA BCHA CE PG AA CV CH SM KE QA CNTA DOWISOWO 
A Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Charles Co., Maryland (5/11/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Harford Co., Maryland (5/25/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Prince George's Co., Maryland (5/25/2016). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/16/2017). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Howard Co., Maryland (5/8/2010). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/2/2020). (c) smuller, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Sue Muller via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/19/2012). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

A Violet Woodsorrel in Calvert Co., Maryland (5/18/2014). Photo by Matt Tillett. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Carroll Co., Maryland (4/22/2020). (c) Matthew Beziat, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Matthew Beziat. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/3/2010). Photo by Kerry Wixted. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/14/2015). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

A patch of young Violet Woodsorrel at Schooley Mill Park in Howard Co., Maryland (5/10/2014). Photo by Nancy Magnusson. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/22/2015). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Harford Co., Maryland (5/13/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/25/2015). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/21/1981). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (5/11/2009). Photo by Robert Solem. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/30/1981). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/15/2019). (c) Janet Gingold, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Janet Gingold via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/29/2017). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/6/2017). (c) shinnickj, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by shinnickj via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/5/2018). (c) tlit46, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by tlit46 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Washington Co., Maryland (4/20/2012). (c) runcator, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by runcator via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Violet Woodsorrel in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/7/2016). (c) Matthew O'Donnell, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Photo by Matthew O'Donnell via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


View All Images

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.

View Bibliography