Southern Blue Monkshood Aconitum uncinatum LinnaeusEndangered (MD)  -  S1 (Highly state rare)    Synonyms: Aconitum uncinatum var. acutidens, Aconitum uncinatum var. muticum, Climbinb Monkshood, Wild Monkshood, Wolf's Bane.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Ranunculales   >   Family Ranunculaceae   >   Genus Aconitum   

Status:

Southern Blue Monkshood is a twining perennial that grows in low woods and on damp slopes in rich deciduous forests, mainly in the Appalachian Mountains with disjunct populations in Indiana and Missouri. In Maryland, Southern Blue Monkshood is endangered by habitat loss and excessive browsing by White-tailed Deer. According to MD DNR, the only known populations of Southern Blue Monkshood in the state are in Garrett County in rich, montane alluvial woods and river banks. In the US Herbarium at the Smithsonian there are specimens of Southern Blue Monkshood from Montgomery County that were collected in the late 1800's and early 1900's.

Description:

In August, Southern Blue Monkshood produces several hooded, violet-blue flowers in loose clusters at the tip of a stem that is slender, weak, and commonly reclining or climbing, often supported by other plants. Fruit is a follicle.

Relationships:

Southern Blue Monkshood is pollinated by bumble bees.

There are 25 records in the project database.

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Southern Blue Monkshood in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood, displaying its commonly reclining habit, in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood, flowers and fruits, in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood, in fruit, in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood in Maryland (8/26/2020). (c) jared satchell, all rights reserved. Photo by Jared Satchell. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood, in fruit, in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Southern Blue Monkshood fruits, in Garrett Co., Maryland (8/22/2020). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)


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