Red Spruce Picea rubens SargentS3 (Watch list)    
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Coniferophyta   >   Class Pinopsida   >   Order Pinales   >   Family Pinaceae   >   Genus Picea   

Status:

Red Spruce is a tree of northeastern Canada and New England, and occurs as far south as North Carolina and Tennessee, chiefly in the Appalachian uplands. In Maryland it is known only in Garrett County, where it is at the southernmost limit of its natural range (Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 2016).

Red spruce once covered thousands of acres in Western Maryland, but logging and subsequent wildfires at the turn of the 20th century drastically reduced its range. It is estimated that in the Central Appalachians as much as 90% of the original red spruce forest is now gone.

In recent years, The Nature Conservancy has planted more than 60,000 seedlings in western Maryland to help make up for the loss of an important component of the forest ecosystem (The Nature Conservancy, 2021).

Description:

In contrast to fir trees, which have upright cones, the cones of spruces are pendant.

Where to find:

At Finzel Swamp, in Garrett County.

There are 19 records in the project database.

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A Red Spruce (with singing male Purple Finch) in a bog in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/20/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Red Spruce at Dolly Sods Wilderness Area, West Virginia (6/25/2012). When this species was more common in Garrett Co., Swainson's Thrush nested in Maryland. Photo by Matt Tillett. (MBP list)

Red Spruce in Garrett Co., Maryland (10/3/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

A Red Spruce in the Cranberry Wilderness, Pocahontas Co., West Virginia (7/7/2012). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Red Spruce in Garrett Co., Maryland (10/3/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Red Spruce in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/19/2017). Photo by Sue Muller. (MBP list)

Red Spruce in Garrett Co., Maryland (10/3/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

The trunk of a Red Spruce in Garrett Co., Maryland (10/3/2018). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)


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