Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus Linnaeus    
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Coniferophyta   >   Class Pinopsida   >   Order Pinales   >   Family Pinaceae   >   Genus Pinus   

Status:

Eastern White Pine is a tree of the northeastern states and the Appalachian mountains. It is established in Maryland, but is native only in the western part of the state, where it is common, and in the northern tier of counties (Brown and Brown, 1972).

Description:

Eastern White Pine is our only pine in which the needles are in bundles of five. The needles are long, slender, flexible, and glaucous or bluish-green. Branches generally extend from the trunk in even whorls rather than staggered randomly. The mature female cones are long and nearly cylindrical, with scales that are thin, rounded, and lacking prickles (Brown and Brown, 1972).

Where to find:

"Few forests in Maryland can be characterized as old growth, meaning they survived the widespread cutting of trees that occurred in the eastern United States from the late 1800s to the early 1900s. Nestled within Swallow Falls State Park and hugging the Youghiogheny River [in Garrett County] is Maryland's oldest grove of eastern hemlock and white pine, some of which are reported to be at least 360 years old" (Maryland DNR: Swallow Falls)

Relationships:

Associated with Earth-gray Tricholoma, Painted Bolete, American Slippery Jack, and Suillus lactifluus.

There are 170 records in the project database.

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Eastern White Pine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (7/15/2012). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Allegany Co., Maryland (9/15/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/5/2016). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine growing in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/5/2016). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (2/12/2012). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Allegany Co., Maryland (3/30/2021). (c) tomfeild, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Tom Feild. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Allegany Co., Maryland (6/18/2017). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/2/2021). (c) Jim Brighton, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

A young Eastern White Pine in Green Ridge State Forest, Allegany Co., Maryland (4/25/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Allegany Co., Maryland (3/30/2021). (c) tomfeild, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Tom Feild. (MBP list)

Needles of an Eastern White Pine sapling in Harford Co., Maryland (1/21/2021). Verified by Erika Mitchell/Eagle Hill Institute. Photo by Dave Webb. (MBP list)

An Eastern White Pine in Washington Co., Maryland (3/5/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

An Eastern White Pine in Washington Co., Maryland (3/5/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A large Eastern White Pine in Harford Co., Maryland (12/6/2015). Photographed as a contender for natural occurrence in area. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/8/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine growing in Montgomery Co., Maryland (12/2/2017). Photo by Kirsten Johnson. (MBP list)

Eastern White Pine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/1/2018). Photo by Matt Grey. (MBP list)


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