Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda Linnaeus    
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Coniferophyta   >   Class Pinopsida   >   Order Pinales   >   Family Pinaceae   >   Genus Pinus   

Status:

Loblolly Pine is one of the four major southern pines of the southeastern United States, the other three being Shortleaf, Longleaf, and Slash. Of these, only Shortleaf and Loblolly occur in Maryland. The state marks the farthest north that Loblolly pine is found (Maryland DNR, 2016). On the southern coastal plain of Maryland, Loblolly Pine is very common, but is uncommon north of Anne Arundel and Queen Anne's counties. it is the dominant tree at the transition zone between salt marshes and woodland.

Description:

The needles are long (5-7") and in bundles of three.

Where to find:

Loblolly is the dominant pine species on the lower Eastern Shore of Maryland. It occurs naturally, but is also grown commercially there in large plantations.

Relationships:

Many species, such as the Brown-headed Nuthatch, are dependent on Loblolly Pine forest. This nuthatch forages for insects and spiders through loose pine bark. Its nests, which are in cavities, especially in older pines, are made mostly of pine-seed wings, and pine seeds make up most of its winter diet. The bird’s association with pines, particularly mature ones, may make it a good indicator species for the health of pine forests of the southeastern United States, where mature pines have been extensively logged and young pines planted in their place, to be harvested before reaching maturity.

The Yellow-throated Warbler, a breeding bird in Maryland, is "found in swamps and pine woods, especially loblolly pines more than 25 ft (7.6 m) tall in the southern and eastern part of the state...." (Robbins and Blom, 1996).

Host to various moth species including Southern Pine Sphinx, Webbing Coneworm Moth, Shortleaf Pinecone Borer Moth, European Pine Shoot Moth, Nantucket Pine Tip Moth, and Pitch Pine Tip Moth, [***Add link to Rhyacionia aktita] (Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants; Gilligan, Wright, & Gibson, 2008).

There are 459 records in the project database.

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Loblolly Pine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (12/19/2015). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (2/12/2017). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (2/12/2017). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Caroline Co., Maryland (11/15/2015). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (2/17/2011). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine at Isle of Wight, Worcester Co., Maryland (2/20/2016). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine (needles) in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (12/19/2015). Photo by Tyler Bell. (MBP list)

A Loblolly Pine cone on Assateague Island, Maryland (9/9/2012). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A young Loblolly Pine in Somerset Co., Maryland (1/20/2013). Although this species typically has needles in bundles of three, they can vary slightly - this cluster of plants had many bundles of four. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Loblolly Pine in Howard Co., Maryland (11/17/2015). Photo by Jim Wilkinson. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (2/15/2011). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine after a snow storm in Worcester Co., Maryland (1/8/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (12/21/2018). Photo by Matthew Beziat. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Dorchester Co., Maryland (3/4/2018). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (4/25/2018). (c) Janet Gingold, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Janet Gingold via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/17/2020). (c) Wayne Longbottom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Wicomico Co., Maryland (5/4/2019). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Wicomico Co., Maryland (5/4/2019). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Wicomico Co., Maryland (5/4/2019). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Wicomico Co., Maryland (5/4/2019). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Wicomico Co., Maryland (5/4/2019). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Talbot Co., Maryland (2/5/2017). Photo by Jared Satchell. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine (left) with Virginia Pine (right) in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (3/4/2019). Photo by Tyler Bell. (MBP list)

Loblolly Pine in Kent Co., Maryland (2/25/2017). Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)


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