Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea LinnaeusNon-native    Synonyms: Gill-over-the-ground, Ground-ivy.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Lamiales   >   Family Lamiaceae   >   Genus Glechoma   

Status:

Ground Ivy is an introduced species from Europe that has become established throughout Maryland.

Description:

As is typical of the Mint Family, Ground Ivy has square stems, opposite leaves, and five-petaled flowers. It is low-growing and can easily be confused with two other low-growing mints, Purple Deadnettle and Henbit. Ground Ivy leaves have long petioles (stalks) and are kidney-shaped to round, with crenate margins. In contrast, Henbit's leaves have no petioles, and each pair of leaves encircles the stem. The leaves have crenate to shallowly lobed margins. Purple Dead-nettle leaves have petioles and are deltoid (triangular) in shape, with serrate margins, and the upper leaves are purplish.

Where to find:

This common, low-growing species can be found along roadsides and in yards, fields, and disturbed soil.

There are 690 records in the project database.

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Ground Ivy blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/24/2010). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy blooming in Prince Georges Co., Maryland (4/27/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Prince George's Co., Maryland (4/8/2016). Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Howard Co., Maryland (4/29/2010). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy just beginning to bloom at Fort Smallwood, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/8/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy blooming in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/3/2015). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Howard Co., Maryland (4/29/2010). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/24/2014). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Washington Co., Maryland (5/27/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Cecil Co., Maryland (4/29/2017). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy blooming in Kent Co., Maryland (4/30/2016). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy growing in Washington Co., Maryland (4/16/2016). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Montgomery Co., Maryland (7/21/2015). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Harford Co., Maryland (8/28/2016). Photo by Kirsten Johnson. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/30/2020). (c) Daniel McClosky, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Daniel McClosky via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Prince George's Co., Maryland (4/5/2020). (c) David, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Photo by David via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Prince George's Co., Maryland (4/5/2020). (c) David, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Photo by David via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/20/2021). (c) llsmith61, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA). Photo by llsmith61 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/29/2019). (c) susanrich01, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by susanrich01 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Calvert Co., Maryland (4/14/2019). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/28/2019). (c) laurabankey, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by laurabankey via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Ground Ivy in Montgomery Co., Maryland (3/29/2020). (c) Allen Browne, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Allen Browne via iNaturalist. (MBP list)


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