Golden Clover Trifolium aureum PollichNon-native    Synonyms: Hop-clover.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Fabales   >   Family Fabaceae   >   Genus Trifolium   


Golden Clover is native to northern Europe and northwestern Asia. This species was first introduced to the United States in the early 1800s. Golden Clover's distribution in North America is more northerly than most of the other introduced yellow clovers. The northeastern states and the western Great Lakes region are the centers of density. In Maryland, Golden Clover is more common in the Piedmont and mountainous counties, but the species has been recorded on the inner coastal plain and Eastern Shore. Golden Clover blooms later than most yellow clovers. MBP has records of blooming Golden Clover from late May through early September with late June and July being the most common. The earliest specimen collection in the Smithsonian's Flora of the Washington-Baltimore Area special collections is a specimen collected in Baltimore by Donnell Smith in 1880.


The large flowering heads and all three leaflets lacking petioles (sessile) easily separates Golden Clover from all other yellow clover species found in Maryland.

There are 62 records in the project database.

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Golden Clover blooming in Garrett Co., Maryland (7/12/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Golden Clover in Monroe Co., Wisconsin (6/23/2012). The Golden Clover is an introduced species from Eurasia. Photo by Corey Raimond. (MBP list)

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