Jefferson Salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum (Green, 1827)S3 (Watch list)  -  Western MD only    
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Amphibia   >   Order Caudata   >   Family Ambystomatidae   >   Genus Ambystoma   

Status:

Jefferson Salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum) is a primarily dark, long-toed species of mole salamander, found uncommonly in the ridge & valley and western Maryland. This slender Ambystoma breeds in vernal pools, and often starts spring breeding activity slightly earlier than Spotted Salamander. At other times of the year, it remains largely underground, beneath logs or in burrows. Further north, this species has a complex relationship of polyploid hybridization with Blue-spotted Salamander (Ambystoma laterale), which does not occur in Maryland (Conant & Collins, 1998; Maryland DNR site). Jefferson Salamander is ranked in Maryland as an S3 (watch list)

There are 12 records in the project database.

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Jefferson Salamander in Allegany Co., Maryland (3/6/2022). (c) Josh Emm, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Jefferson Salamander in Allegany Co., Maryland (3/6/2022). (c) Josh Emm, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Jefferson Salamander in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/17/2017). (c) Kyle Klotz, all rights reserved. Photo by Kyle Klotz. (MBP list)

Jefferson Salamander in Allegany Co., Maryland (3/11/2022). (c) Kyle Klotz, all rights reserved. Photo by Kyle Klotz. (MBP list)

A Jefferson Salamander in Sussex Co., New Jersey (3/23/2008). Photo by Steve Collins. (MBP list)


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