Pine Needleminer Moth Exoteleia pinifoliella Chambers, 1880    Synonyms: Hodges #1840.
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Arthropoda   >   Class Insecta   >   Order Lepidoptera   >   Family Gelechiidae   >   Genus Exoteleia   

Status:

The Pine Needleminer Moth is part of a complex of similar species mining pine needles as caterpillars. A possible related undescribed species has a gray vertex and top of thorax. Specimens of this undescribed species are curated in the USNM collection (as of 2019) as "Exoteleia sp.", separate from the similar Pine Needleminer Moth, which has a white vertex and top of thorax as curated. Hodges (1985) reviewed the several eastern Exoteleia species, noted evidence of what may be several undescribed species, and discussed the difficulties in defining the species limits. Adamski et al. (2010) showed four DNA clusters related to E. pinifoliella but could not conclude how many species may be represented, choosing instead to refer to the group as the pinifoliella complex. Both white-vertex and gray-vertex forms are confirmed in Maryland flying from May to August.

Relationships:

Host plants include Table Mountain Pine.

There are 111 records in the project database.

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A Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/31/2016). Identification verified by Roger Downer/BAMONA. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

A Pine Needleminer Moth in Washington Co., Maryland (6/28/2019). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (7/4/2020). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/29/2018). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/11/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/23/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (7/19/2018). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (Date obscured). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Prince George's Co., Maryland (5/27/2015). (c) Hans Holbrook, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Hans Holbrook. (MBP list)

A Pine Needleminer Moth in Washington Co., Maryland (6/21/2019). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/28/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/28/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/11/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/11/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/15/2021). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/11/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Prince George's Co., Maryland (6/10/2015). (c) Hans Holbrook, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Hans Holbrook. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/16/2019). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)

Pine Needleminer Moth in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/21/2022). (c) Timothy Reichard, all rights reserved. Photo by Timothy Reichard. (MBP list)


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