Bald-faced Hornet Dolichovespula maculata (Linnaeus, 1763)    Synonyms: White-faced Hornet.
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Arthropoda   >   Class Insecta   >   Order Hymenoptera   >   Family Vespidae   >   Genus Dolichovespula   

Status:

This large, striking wasp is actually a species of yellowjacket, despite the common name. It is very common throughout the state, and normally makes enclosed paper nests aerially in trees or bushes.

Description:

Dolichovespula maculata could potentially be confused with the blackjacket (Vespula consobrina) and the parasitic yellowjacket (Dolichovespula arctica). It can be distinguished from V. consobrina by a long oculomalar space (area between insertion of mandible and lower edge of eye), by showing a pronotal carina, and by less extensive pale markings on the abdomen. It can be distinguished from D. arctica by the black or almost entirely-black hind tibia (pale on arctica). D. maculata also tends to have less extensive pale markings on the abdomen, mostly restricted to tergite 4 onwards. (Buck et al. 2008)

Relationships:

Bald-faced Hornets build their nests using wood fiber from a variety of sources. Some songbirds use pieces of the hornets' paper-like nest in their own nest-building.

There are 226 records in the project database.

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A Bald-faced Hornet in Howard Co., Maryland (9/21/2013). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (9/5/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Prince George's Co., Maryland (9/29/2020). Photo by Barbara Thurlow. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Baltimore Co., Maryland (1/6/2019). Photo by Dave Webb. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Caroline Co., Maryland (7/28/2018). Photo by Jim Moore. (MBP list)

A queen Bald-faced Hornet in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/24/2018). Photo by Bob Cammarata. (MBP list)

A male Bald-faced Hornet in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (9/23/2006). Photo by Arlene Ripley. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Baltimore Co., Maryland (2/23/2016). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Prince George's Co., Maryland (7/16/2014). Photo by Jesse Christopherson. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Kent Co., Maryland (10/4/2015). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Howard Co., Maryland (10/21/2015). Determined by Ken Wolgemuth/BugGuide. Photo by Linda Hunt. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Montgomery Co., Maryland (7/20/2020). Photo by Jim Moore. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Baltimore City, Maryland (12/30/2018). Photo by Dave Webb. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Prince George's Co., Maryland (9/10/2017). (c) Katja Schulz, some rights reserved (CC BY). Photo by Katja Schulz via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet in Baltimore Co., Maryland (9/10/2014). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornets overwintering in Garrett Co., Maryland (12/8/2004). Photo by Boyer and McDowell. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet nest in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (7/24/2015). Photo by David Illig. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet's nest in Baltimore Co., Maryland (9/2/2016). Verified by Natasha Wright/BugGuide. Photo by Pauline Horn. (MBP list)

The nest of Bald-faced Hornets in Howard Co., Maryland (9/2/2013). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Kent Co., Maryland (1/1/2017). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

A Bald-faced Hornet nest in Cecil Co., Maryland (6/9/2017). Photo by Josh Emm. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Prince George's Co., Maryland (7/9/2006). (c) Hans Holbrook, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Hans Holbrook. (MBP list)

An old Bald-faced Hornet nest in Howard Co., Maryland (5/6/2018). Photo by Sue Muller. (MBP list)

A fragment of a Bald-faced Hornet nest in Howard Co., Maryland (12/27/2013). Each color represents a different source of wood fiber. Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/19/2021). (c) Caitlin, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Caitlin via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Baltimore Co., Maryland (7/24/2019). (c) anna1970, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by anna1970 via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornet in Frederick Co., Maryland (8/17/2019). (c) Scot Magnotta, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Scot Magnotta via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Bald-faced Hornets in Baltimore City, Maryland (9/4/2022). Photo by Pauline Horn. (MBP list)


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