No Common Name Biscogniauxia atropunctata (Schweinitz) Pouzar  Synonyms: Biscogniauxia Canker and Dieback disease, Hypoxylon atropunctata, Hypoxylon Canker of Oak.

Status:

Biscogniauxia atropunctata is a fungus that attacks hardwoods and causes the Hypoxylon Canker of Oak or Biscogniauxia Canker and Dieback disease, which often causes death to an infected tree. According to the Oklahoma State University Cooperative extension, "The fungus colonizes healthy trees and lives in the bark and sapwood for an indefinite period of time without causing damage. In healthy trees, natural defenses are typically present that prevent the fungus from causing disease. When the tree becomes stressed, its defenses are reduced and the tree can no longer resist the fungus. Stress factors include drought, heat, root damage, chemical injury and other diseases. Trees that are attacked by defoliating insects are also more likely to develop Biscogniauxia dieback."

Description:

Gray-white smooth sheet with black dots (J. Solem, pers. comm.).

Relationships:

According to the Oklahoma State University Cooperative extension, "Although all oak species are susceptible, the disease is more frequently observed on the red oak subgroup...Biscogniauxia canker and dieback can be found on maple, hickory, Pecan, Goldenrain Tree and sycamore (Platanus spp.)"

There are 130 records in the project database.

Search Google Images

GAAL WA FRCLMO HO BA HA CEPG AA CVCH SM KEQA CN TA DO WI SOWO 
Biscogniauxia atropunctata found during the Chino Farms BioBlitz (4/27/2013). Identified by Lance Biechele. Anamorph of Diaptera stigma. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata in Worcester Co., Maryland (5/19/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata in Howard Co., Maryland (12/17/2011). Determined by Jo Solem. Photo by Nancy Magnusson. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (12/5/2016). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata in Charles Co., Maryland (5/18/2014). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata (fruiting body) in Howard Co., Maryland (8/22/2016). Photo by Joanne Solem. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/8/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata in Washington Co., Maryland (4/20/2014). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata in Prince George's Co., Maryland (3/29/2019). Determined by Jo Solem. Photo by Anne Looker. (MBP list)

Biscogniauxia atropunctata spores collected in Howard Co., Maryland (8/22/2016). Ellipsoid w/ rounded ends & germ slit down side, smooth, dark brown; measured 25.5-30.2 X 13.2-15.3 microns. Photo by Robert Solem. (MBP list)


View All Images

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.

View Bibliography



Eating mushrooms can be dangerous. One should do so only with expert advice and great care. MBP accepts no liability for injury sustained in consuming fungi or other biodiversity.