Flowering Dogwood Cornus floridaSynonyms: Cynoxylon floridum.

Status:

This eastern U.S. species is widespread and common in Maryland.

Description:

The four, white petal-like structures are really bracts, and their open condition makes the tree look as though it's flowering. The actual flowers are the tiny structures clustered in the center. A cluster of obvious, red fruits (drupes) develop later in the season. In the fall and winter, the flower buds for the following year can be easily viewed. They are light-colored, biscuit-shaped structures covered by the bracts that will expand early in the spring (J. Hill/MNPS).

Relationships:

Pollination is by beetles, bees, butterflies, and flies. Seed dispersal is by birds and mammals (J. Hill/MNPS).

There are 390 records in the project database.

View species at Maryland Plant Atlas

GA AL WA FR CL MO HO BA BC HA CE PG AA CV CH SM KE QA CN TA DO WI SO WO 
Flowering Dogwood blooming in Kent Co., Maryland (4/24/2016). Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood blooming in Frederick Co., Maryland (4/26/2016). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/29/2015). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood blooming in northern Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/23/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood blooming in Caroline Co., Maryland (4/26/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in fruit in Harford Co., Maryland (9/3/2017). Photo by Mary Sweet. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood leaves in Baltimore Co., Maryland (7/10/2013). Photo by Jon Corcoran. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in Cecil Co., Maryland (6/25/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in Kent Co., Maryland (6/7/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in Baltimore Co., Maryland (7/10/2013). Photo by Jon Corcoran. (MBP list)

The bud of a Flowering Dogwood in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/20/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (9/23/2010). Fall buds for next year's blooms. Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Flower bud of a Flowering Dogwood in Allegany Co., Maryland (9/7/2016). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (10/18/2010). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in Howard Co., Maryland (6/15/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

The bark of a mature Flowering Dogwood found growing in Worcester Co., Maryland (4/28/2012). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood (trunk) in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (2/12/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/21/2016). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood along the Susquehanna River, just upstream of Conowingo Dam in Cecil Co., Maryland (4/29/2017). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)

Flowering Dogwood in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (5/27/2017). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)


View All Images

View Bibliography

Use of images featured on Maryland Biodiversity Project is only permitted with express permission of the photographer.