Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Linnaeus) Planchon    Synonyms: Five-leaved Ivy, Parthenocissus hirsuta.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Vitales   >   Family Vitaceae   >   Genus Parthenocissus   

Status:

A high-climbing, native vine that occurs throughout the eastern United States.

Description:

Leaves and buds of Virginia Creeper are alternate, with branched tendrils opposite each leaf or bud. The tips of the tendrils usually have adhesive disks that hold the vine to the tree, shrub, or other structure it is climbing. The leaves are compound, with 5, sometimes 3, leaflets that turn bright red in autumn. Berries blue to black, on red stalks. Virginia Creeper can be an aggressive vine, overgrowing trees at times, but because it climbs by tendrils rather than by twining, it does not strangle its host trees, as do some non-native vines, such as Oriental Bittersweet.

Where to find:

Virginia Creeper occurs throughout Maryland. It is common in the western two-thirds of the state (Brown and Brown, 1972).

Relationships:

The leaves are host to larvae of Lettered Sphinx, Pandorus Sphinx, and Virginia Creeper Sphinx. Larvae of Virginia Creeper Clearwing bore into the roots.

The berries of Virginia Creeper are eaten by many wildlife species, especially birds, but are toxic to humans.

There are 763 records in the project database.

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Virginia Creeper with mature fruit at Fort Smallwood Park, Maryland (9/13/2012). Virginia Creeper is native to our area and is abundant in Maryland. Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper with immature fruit in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (7/25/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (6/25/2012). Photo by Fritz Flohr Reynolds. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Howard Co., Maryland (10/22/2016). ID Note: tendrils with adhesive disks. Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Washington Co., Maryland (5/27/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (10/22/2016). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (7/26/2020). (c) dansmall, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/26/2012). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Caroline Co., Maryland (4/24/2017). Leaves just developing. Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in flower in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (7/5/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Adhesive pads on the tendrils of Virginia Creeper in Frederick Co., Maryland (10/25/2018). Photo by Eric Stavale. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper at Fort Smallwood, Maryland (10/21/2012). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (10/20/2012). Photo by Danny Poet. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper (early emerging leaves) in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/4/2016). Photo by Kirsten Johnson. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper growing in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/12/2016). Photo by Elizabeth Miller. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper (emerging leaves) in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/17/2016). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper growing in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (5/7/2016). Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper growing in Caroline Co., Maryland (4/26/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper growing in Kent Co., Maryland (7/16/2016). Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in fruit in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (11/13/2015). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Newly emerged leaves of Virginia Creeper in Kent Co., Maryland (4/11/2020). (c) Wayne Longbottom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper growing in Garrett Co., Maryland (2/25/2015). Photo by Boyer and McDowell. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper (vine and fruit) on Black Locust in Baltimore City, Maryland (12/19/2015). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Caroline Co., Maryland (4/26/2016). (c) Wayne Longbottom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper (newly emerged leaves) in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/8/2014). Photo by Lynn Strauss. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper growing in Frederick Co., Maryland (5/14/2017). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

A Virginia Creeper Sphinx caterpillar in Frederick Co., Maryland (8/15/2019). Photo by Bob Cammarata. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (9/27/2020). (c) Wayne Longbottom, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Caroline Co., Maryland (6/5/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Virginia Creeper in Cecil Co., Maryland (9/30/2016). Photo by John Hall. (MBP list)


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