Red Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Linnaeus var. canadensis  Synonyms: Wild Columbine.

Status:

Look for Red Columbine in rocky woods or open areas. It's frequent in the mountains and middle part of Maryland, rare in coastal areas. (J. Hill/MNPS)

Description:

Flowers are large and showy, with five reddish to yellow sepals, and five, concave petals, which are produced backward between the sepals as large, hollow spurs, much longer than the sepals. The petals are red on the outside and yellow inside. The stamens and styles (male and female flower parts, respectively) are visible because they poke out of the flower. The leaves are two- or three-times compound, with rounded leaflets. (J. Hill/MNPS)

Relationships:

Bumble bees and Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds visit the flowers for nectar.

There are 129 records in the project database.

View species at Maryland Plant Atlas

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GA AL WA FR CL MO HO BA BCHA CEPG AA CV CH SM KE QACN TADO WISOWO
Red Columbine blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/25/2013). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming in Green Ridge SF, Allegany Co., Maryland (4/19/2008). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/25/2013). Photo by Fritz Flohr Reynolds. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming in Howard Co., Maryland (4/25/2015). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/1/2005). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (5/2/2006). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming in Washington Co., Maryland (5/2/2006). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming on a shell midden in Kent Co., Maryland (4/27/2014). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Red Columbine in Charles Co., Maryland (5/9/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

A Red Columbine in Charles Co., Maryland (5/9/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Columbine near the Patuxent River in Prince George's Co., Maryland (5/4/2013). Photo by Wendy Crowe. (MBP list)

Red Columbine blooming in Baltimore Co., Maryland (5/9/1981). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Columbine in Caroline Co., Maryland (3/31/2018). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Red Columbine about to bloom in Washington Co., Maryland (4/21/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Red Columbine (past) in Kent Co., Maryland (6/7/2014). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Columbine in Calvert Co., Maryland (5/8/1988). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Red Columbine in Garrett Co., Maryland (1/22/2018). Photo by Boyer and McDowell. (MBP list)


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