Eastern Red-spotted Newt Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens (Rafinesque, 1820)  Synonyms: Red Eft, Red-spotted Newt.

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Eastern Red-spotted Newt (Notophthalmus v. viridescens) is a common aquatic salamander with an interesting life cycle. The adults are fully aquatic, and breed in many types of ponds, lakes, ditches or marshes with good water quality. Eggs are fertilized in spring, and hatch several weeks later into aquatic, gilled larvae, which develop for about three months. After this point, they undergo metamorphosis and emerge on land as a terrestrial juvenile form, the red eft. They usually remain in the eft stage for one to three years, before changing into the aquatic adult form. This is one of the most complex life cycles in salamanders (Conant & Collins, 1998; Maryland DNR site; Virginia Herpetological Society site). Red-spotted Newt is found throughout most of Maryland, but probably more rare on the eastern shore, where there are four counties without records.

There are 266 records in the project database.

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An adult Red-spotted Newt in Garrett Co., Maryland (6/9/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

An adult Red-spotted Newt in Allegany Co., Maryland (6/5/2005). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

An Eastern Red-spotted Newt in Baltimore Co., Maryland (9/19/2014). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

A Red Eft on the move in Garrett Co., Maryland (7/2/2006). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A Red Eft in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/21/2014). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

A Red Eft in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/27/2008). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

An Eastern Red-spotted Newt (Red Eft) in Kent Co., Maryland (3/10/2019). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

An Eastern Red-spotted Newt in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (8/20/2015). Photo by Tyler Bell. (MBP list)

A Red Eft in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (3/17/2012). Photo by Robert Aguilar, SERC. (MBP list)

An Eastern Red-spotted Newt in Frederick Co., Maryland (7/22/2015). Photo by Bonnie Ott. (MBP list)

An Eastern Red-spotted Newt in Harford Co., Maryland (11/13/2016). Photo by Dave Webb. (MBP list)

An Eastern Red-spotted Newt in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/2/2016). Photo by Keith Eric Costley. (MBP list)

An Eastern Red-spotted Newt (Red Eft) in Baltimore Co., Maryland (4/2/2016). Photo by Keith Eric Costley. (MBP list)


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