Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina carolina (Linnaeus, 1758)
Kingdom Animalia   >   Phylum Chordata   >   Class Reptilia   >   Order Testudines   >   Family Emydidae   >   Genus Terrapene   

Status:

The colorful and charismatic Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) is the most terrestrial species of turtle in Maryland. While bearing a superficial resemblance to true tortoises (family Testudinidae), box turtles are actually classified in the large pond turtle family Emydidae. Box turtles typically are found in open woodlands, but can also occur in fields, meadows, or wetland edges. They are quite well-protected against predators, with a hinge on the plastron that allows the turtle to tightly seal its shell from most attackers (Conant & Collins, 1998). These turtles may wander quite widely, and are frequent victims of collisions with cars while attempting to cross roadways. Eastern Box Turtle occurs statewide in Maryland (Maryland DNR website).

There are 238 records in the project database.

GA AL WA FR CL MO HO BA BCHA CE PG AA CV CH SM KE QA CN TA DO WI SO WO 
An Eastern Box Turtle in St. Mary's Co., Maryland (6/18/2006). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

A female Eastern Box Turtle in Cecil Co., Maryland (6/9/2015). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle found in Dorchester Co., Maryland (10/6/2007). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Worcester Co., Maryland (8/1/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

Two Eastern Box Turtles, illustrating color variation, in Howard Co., Maryland (6/17/2015). Photo by Richard Orr. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Cecil Co., Maryland (5/31/2008). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Cecil Co., Maryland (9/5/2014). Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/23/2013). Photo by Benjamin DeHaven. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle on Assateague Island, Maryland (9/26/2011). See the Mid-Atlantic Nature blog for an interesting treatment of Assateague's island biogeography. Photo by Dan Haas. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Kent Co., Maryland (8/15/2014). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Montgomery Co., Maryland (6/19/2016). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/21/2013). Photo by Robert Aguilar, SERC. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Montgomery Co., Maryland (7/24/2014). Photo by Fritz Flohr Reynolds. (MBP list)

Eastern Box Turtle in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (6/23/2015). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Howard Co., Maryland (5/2/2016). Photo by Rachel Yang. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Wicomico Co., Maryland (4/12/2017). Photo by Rachel Yang. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Kent Co., Maryland (3/26/2016). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

A hatchling Eastern Box Turtle in Maryland (1/8/2003). Per Mark: "This one was a day old when this photo was taken, hatched in an incubator at my house. A female laid eggs out in the middle of my niece's lawn on the 4th of July, 2007. Many of these guys are killed by lawn mowers when they hatch and dig out in similar circumstances, so we decided to give these a fighting chance. There were three altogether, all eventually released in the woods close by." Photo by Mark Johnson. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle at Sunset Park in Ocean City, Worcester Co., Maryland (9/8/2013). Photo by Scott Housten. (MBP list)

A juvenile Eastern Box Turtle in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/1/2005). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

A juvenile Eastern Box Turtle in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/1/2005). Photo by Jim Stasz. (MBP list)

Eastern Box Turtles mating in Howard Co., Maryland (5/13/2014). Photo by Nancy Magnusson. (MBP list)

Eastern Box Turtles mating in Howard Co., Maryland (5/13/2014). Photo by Nancy Magnusson. (MBP list)

Eastern Box Turtles mating in Baltimore Co., Maryland (8/31/2008). Photo by Frode Jacobsen. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Frederick Co., Maryland (7/2/2016). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (5/4/2017). Photo by Amanda Spears. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle found by students at Jemicy School in Baltimore Co., Maryland (7/28/2014). Photo by Emily Stanley. (MBP list)

An Eastern Box Turtle in Harford Co., Maryland (7/1/2017). Help turtles safely cross roads! Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)


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