Field Clover Trifolium campestre SchreberNon-native    Synonyms: Hop Trefoil, Low Hop-Clover, Trifolium procumbens.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Fabales   >   Family Fabaceae   >   Genus Trifolium   

Status:

Field Clover is an introduced plant from Europe, western Asia, and north Africa. In North America, it has become established across most of the eastern United States east of the Mississippi and along the west coast. It has been recorded in every state. In Maryland, Field Clover is a common plant across the state. It blooms during May and June. According to the Smithsonian's Flora of the Washington-Baltimore Area special collection, the earliest collected specimen in the Maryland area is from along the Potomac River in present-day Georgetown. The collection was made by John Chickering in 1874.

Description:

Similar to Black Medick, but leaflets do not have mucronate points. Upper flower petals are grooved while Black Medick upper flower petals are smooth. Golden Clover has a larger flowering head and all three leaflets are sessile, unlike Field Clover, which has a central leaflet with a petiole over 1 mm (typically 3 mm). Suckling Clover has a very small flowering head with fewer than 15 flowers and the center leaflet has a very short petiole (less than 1mm).

Where to find:

The species name "campestre" means of the fields and this is the place to look for Field Clover. Roadsides, open spaces without tall vegetation and lots of sun, yards, parking lot edges, and fallow fields are all good places to look for Field Clover.

There are 245 records in the project database.

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Field Clover in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/13/2011). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Field Clover blooming in Kent Co., Maryland (6/4/2016). Photo by Nancy Martin. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Caroline Co., Maryland (7/4/2016). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Field Clover (Low Hop-Clover) in Frederick Co., Maryland (6/9/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Field Clover (Low Hop-Clover) in Frederick Co., Maryland (6/9/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Prince George's Co., Maryland (5/6/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/27/2010). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Montgomery Co., Maryland (5/30/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Field Clover blooming in Kent Co., Maryland (5/26/2016). Photo by Dan Small. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/1/2015). Photo by Kimberly Booth. (MBP list)

Field Clover (above) with Suckling Clover (below) in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland (6/24/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/22/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Caroline Co., Maryland (5/4/2019). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Talbot Co., Maryland (5/23/2017). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Talbot Co., Maryland (5/23/2017). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Caroline Co., Maryland (5/24/2017). Photo by Wayne Longbottom. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Howard Co., Maryland (5/18/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

Field Clover in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (5/25/2020). (c) Ashley M Bradford, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Ashley Bradford. (MBP list)


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