Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata (P. MIller) K. Koch    Synonyms: Hicoria ovata.
Kingdom Plantae   >   Division Tracheophyta   >   Class Magnoliopsida   >   Order Juglandales   >   Family Juglandaceae   >   Genus Carya   

Description:

As its name implies, Shagbark Hickory has shaggy bark. The bark is generally shaggier than that of its relative Shellbark Hickory. Shagbark Hickory can be distinguished from Shellbark most easily by the leaves, which usually have only five leaflets in Shagbark in contrast to Shellbark’s typically larger number. The fruits of both species are large (4 to 6 cm in Shagbark), with thick, green husks that split to the base. Mockernut Hickory fruits are also large, but the husks are thinner than the husks of Shagbark and Shellbark. (Mockernut usually has leaves with more than five leaflets, like Shellbark.) Pignut Hickory leaves usually have only five leaflets, like Shagbark's, but the fruits are much smaller.

Where to find:

In Maryland, Shagbark Hickory occurs mostly in the mountains and in the northern counties, in rich upland forests (Brown and Brown, 1972).

Relationships:

Has been recorded as a host plant for Banded Hairstreak.

Host plant for various species of moths including Luna Moth, Polyphemus Moth, Shagbark Hickory Leafroller Moth, Pecan Leafminer Moth, Hickory Shuckworm Moth, Epione Underwing Moth, Habilis Underwing Moth, Judith's Underwing Moth, Obscure Underwing Moth, Oldwife Underwing Moth, Residua Underwing Moth, Yellow-gray Underwing Moth.

There are 72 records in the project database.

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Shagbark Hickory in Washington Co., Maryland (5/27/2017). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

The distinctive bark of Shagbark Hickory found growing in Garrett Co., Maryland (5/1/2010).rn Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory in Allegany Co., Maryland (5/12/2013). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory in Allegany Co., Maryland (4/8/2017). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory growing in Washington Co., Maryland (7/3/2019). Photo by Mark Etheridge. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory in Washington Co., Maryland (7/10/2021). (c) Jim Brighton, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC). Photo by Jim Brighton. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory in Frederick Co., Maryland (4/12/2020). (c) Jacob Malcom, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA). Photo by Jacob Malcom via iNaturalist. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory in Montgomery Co., Maryland (4/21/2017). Photo by Bill Hill. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (4/29/2016). Photo by Bill Harms. (MBP list)

A young Shagbark Hickory in Frederick Co., Maryland (9/29/2013). Photo by Bill Hubick. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory in Montgomery Co., Maryland (9/22/2005). Rare stand of large, old, co-dominant Shagbark Hickory and Basket Oak in well-drained floodplain forest. Photo by Rod Simmons. (MBP list)

Shagbark Hickory seeds in Butler County, Pennsylvania (10/10/2021). Photo by Jane Hill. (MBP list)


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